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2019.11.29 04:09 WonderedLamb256 GNU General Public License Version 3, 29 June 2007

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submitted by WonderedLamb256 to copypasta [link] [comments]


2019.09.01 15:45 diegorbb93 [Redump] Standing at the edge of the end in Sony Playstation 1 PAL

[This was originally posted in Emulation Reddit]
I still remember when i was nasty idiot looking for isos in Redump.org two years ago, complaining where the hell could a find them. My best friends says im still a nasty idiot, but at least i stopped complaining about Redump. Who would have said after these two years, that i would be writing this.
I really never expected to see myself looking for this. When i started in Redump my only intention was to help them get the spanish stuff missing. I always thought "why the hell should I care about those stupid Scandinavian release...?" and here I am a year and a half later, opening posts in those countries calling them to check if they have a weird Lego Island 2 release...
Hello everyone, Diego from VideoGame Preservation Collective (VGPC) here. As always, "TL,DR":
When it comes to videogaming preservation, no matter what the platform is, at the end of the day, there's just no way to delimit the end. We're seeing always how new betas, prototypes, hidden revisions... Appear suddenly and get documented by the community (or hoarded).
If there's a game changer when it comes to delimit what real retail items could be missing, that would be seeing internal Master Lists from Microsoft, Nintendo, Sega or Sony, Sega getting leaked and showing us what and where we should take a look, to discover what nearly nobody unknowledge before... And that's a miracle that has happened once with "big N", but i doubt it will happen again.
Same applies to Sony Playstation 1: No matter what we do, we'll never be able to confirm if we managed to complete and document the whole Game Retail Fullset... But man, how close we are just now... Im just sure of it.
Yes: The same as the universe has zones that we can't know they exist until we finally see them with our own eye, the Sony Playstation PAL region has games that we just don't know they exist yet. But the visible part, the part we knew it existed... Well, we are finally at the edge of it.
Only two months ago, we were announcing that Redump managed to dat more than 10K discs from PSX... From those disc, some game retail versions were still missing. Now, nearly all of them, were finally solved.
Thanks to the massive support of the community all these years, the original sources from places like SonyIndex database and PSXDatacenter and every single whisper around the internet, the original members from Redump and the ones to come did their best to delimit and mark every single disc they knew about, giving birth to the Wiki and their missing lists. Nearly one year ago, this was the situation:
http://wiki.redump.org/index.php?title=Sony_PlayStation_PAL_Missing_Games&diff=prev&oldid=20736
This is today:
http://wiki.redump.org/index.php?title=Sony_PlayStation_PAL_Missing_Games
In the last month, join efforts and luck contributed to solve some of the harder bosses we've had to deal while ending the list, while a couple of surprises appeared from the wild.
It all started when our dear member RibShark jumped on this, and got it:
https://www.ebay.co.uk/itm/Spider-Man-2-Enter-Electro-RARE-Pre-911-Recalled-Version-See-description/264405400860
I tried to research for this disc for months. The famous Spider-Man 2 Enter Electro original revision, whose final level had place in the top of the World Trade Center towers, and had to be canned after the 11-S attack. We already got the USA version thanks to GameRaveTV, and that one was the important for me, since PAL goes on 50hz. But still, it was some kind of thorn for me, as i really wanted to find this in order to erase it from the list...
As RibShark added it, I thought... "Maybe is time to push this as far as i can..." And it seems some up there heard me, because i feel like planets aligned in one line. What interesting things happened last month?

Jackie Chan Stuntmaster was released in PAL regions with Libcrypt protection. This famous anticopy prevented this game for being played properly as some levels got blocked if the console didn't detect the valid Libcrypt sectors. These Libcrypt sectors are key in order to make the game work, or surprises will pop up. Those surprises were different for each game: it was all to the game developer imagination to prevent the user from "enjoying" the game copy (most famous case could be Spyro 3...).
Our partner KrHacken has been researching this protection for years. But, one stranger case he found out made him go a bit mad, as the patch he developed for this game, wasn't working for a random user... A random user that was from my spanish forum luckily, and was able to help us.
This man, ElPatas, had a Jackie Chan Stuntmaster disc with something weird... After analysing this disc, we confirmed that something wrong happened in the disc factory with this shipment, as the game indicated after dumping... No Libcrypt sectors were found in the .Sub file generated. And worse, the game still asks for them... If you play the game till Level 3 and complete it, the "Loading screen" for Level 4 will get stuck forever.
This is the only record we've found out about this:
https://www.myce.com/news/Sony-and-copy-protections___ooops-588/
Oh dear. Have you ever heard that a huge company like Sony Computer Entertainment has been shipping out non-working games? Did you ever hear that a problem like this originates from a wrong installed copy-protection? No, you haven’t heard it before?
The European store version of Jackie Chan Stuntmaster has been delivered without the Libcrypt key disabling the copy protection while playing, so you can enjoy the original Sony version till level 3 only.
Bad luck for Sony? Bad luck for the customers? No, because you can apply a patch to a backup one and play the entire levels without problems.
No idea if Sony called about this in order to return the game and send a new copy. If the didn't do that with the infamous Digimon World release (that only the Scene had the balls to fix across ALL regions)... I don't think this happened with Jackie Chan, but still, we named this version as "Recalled", to distinguish it from the original correct version.
So yeah, thanks to KrHacken and ElPatas, we managed to add a broken disc to Redump. xd Next.

One of the most dumbest things that can happen to us when identifying unknown releases, it to find games having a different Serial ID in the sidecover, while having the original Serial ID PAL disc inside. This has happened a few times and made us lose time and money only to obtain something we already had before. But hey, if you accept this job, this is trial and error lot of times.
We found out that in Australia, one of those countries whose retrogaming community is really niche (difficulting us so much finding or documenting new or known releases), had a version of this game (SLES-01039) having different Serial ID from PAL Release (SLES-01061). The only known version we saw in ebay was selling for 40$ + shipment... Too much for a really random game.
That oportunity went by and in time, this was pending to be solved. I decided to make my usual "ask "X" country in Reddit for help" move and asked Australia for this... And no luck. I asked all the retrogaming shops from Australia around. No luck. But finally, i was told to ask in an FB community for Retrogaming Australia for PSX Collectors... And bingo.
Thanks so much to Luke Nugget, great PSX aussie collector, who is going after the PAL Fullset. He confirmed us that Kick Off World released in Australia with serial number "SLES-01039" on case spine and manual... But the disc was the same "SLES-01061" from normal PAL release.
In fact, I guess this could somehow be expected. The game didn't have any voice commentaries, so exclusive australian voices were not a possibility. And, soccer on the period release wasn't the most celebrated sport... And having exclusive aussie leagues license... It was just another random soccer game.
At least we saved our money. Next.

Gaming preservation has their own black sheeps sometimes. This was one of the biggest we've ever faced. And it was solved by a miracle last night.
Nearly everyone here knows TruRip, the private/closed source version of Redump to explain what it is somehow (I'm not trying to ignite again anything or make some hard facts for free, but, i guess there's no other way to explain it). TruRip managed to make a lot of discoveries that has helped us spotting some unknown game revisions and unknown serials.
However, for years, there was one driving us crazy, especially me, since the only info we knew was that the dumper was from Spain, so some mates expected this revision could be found here.
Striker 96 is just another random soccer game. There's nothing special to say about it. Nothing. But TruRip received a dump from a disc that contained updated files AKA a revision. The main problem with TruRip is that they didn't keep any single detail about this release (or at least, they didn't want to share it), we only had the dump avaliable. I recently contacted Ripper, main TruRip leader, in order to ask politely if he knew something about this, but he had no records about this.
Our mean fear with this release was that this was one of the first releases ever made for PSX, as SLES is "00023". I'm not sure which was the first time that Sony started to identify revisions by adding the "#" symbol at the end of the Serial ID SLES writen in the disc... But, as this release was one of the firsts to arrive to the market... Was this revision already using that system?
The only way we knew for sure to distinguish one revision from the original one was the internal files:
- Internal "SYSTEM.CNF" file date from ORIGINAL "REV. 0" release: "1995-09-29" [https://ibb.co/6t3xpKn]
- Internal "SYSTEM.CNF" file date from REVISION "REV.1" release: "1995-11-24" [https://ibb.co/nBW5qRy]
Only 2 months took place for the developer to update the game and rerelease it to the market (guess, 3 months from original release were needed to see the revision landing on shops). We tried buying different versions as we noticed three diferent cases:
- One didn't have the black side plastic with the Playstation logo [Check the picture]. It was all front full cristal case, guess this was the same for the original PSX releases.
- One with the black side plastic but no Playstation logo. [Guess these could just be generic cases]
- One with the black side plastic with Playstation logo.
And no luck. As expected, this was just left behind in time until days ago i decided to push this again. The only way was to ask each seller to check the internal file, so I asked:
- The 14/15 sellers on ebay avaliable.
- The 5 sellers in my country selling it.
- FB community for PSX Collectors.
- Reddit PSX.
- PSX Collectors from Spain i already knew
- PSX collectors in my spanish forums
I received at least 20 answers over the last days and im still receiving them. All of them confirmed me they had Rev.0
But, last night, the miracle finally happened. Our great french partner, KailoKyra, proceded to buy one unit taking advantage of an offer from his retrogaming shop. He came to the Discord like Jesus coming from heaven: This he bought didnt match the one in Redump. He found Rev.1 without even noticing it.
http://redump.org/disc/64624/
So the question is... How to spot this disc from the original one: Hold on on your chair.
- Original disc from PSXDatacenter.
- Revision disc: [Pic 1] [Pic 2] [Pic 3] [Pic 4]
YES. THAT F* DOT. The little mark there. That little spot we are trying so hard to analyse if it's just a disc printing effect, our mind cheating us or the only symbol used to mark the difference between one version and another.
No different barcode, mark symbols or colors (mind each scan or camera can produce different colour tone).

In order to make sure we documented everything we found, we made sure to indicate what we didn't find... and we won't probably ever find. Sometimes, fakes or typo Serial IDs have been spotted and we put them in the "Games/Demos that Probably Don't Exist".
Still, on a few cases, we found out we were wrong. That's the case of french Global Domination release, that again, KailoKyra caught and dumped.
The PAL territory... No matter how hard we research, it will always be a really uncharted land. If not, ask Portugal. Our partner Retrogamer added a Necronomicon portuguese release that we never found out about.
This is what happens when these countries that still received support from some publishers releasing games their language, have a retrogaming community completely isolated. You end up wondering if there could be another exclusive regional release pending to be found.
Cases like This Is Football Belgian release or the Israel's Fifa releases (and this) show us how at the end, we won't be able to confirm when the PAL Game Retail Fullset will be finished. But again, we did our best to stand at the edge of it.
Of course, this doesn’t apply only to Game retail games, but Demos and Game Revisions. There’s still lot of work to do dumping versions with/without the # symbol on the disc, or Platinum versions (or games whose Platinum versions were dumped and not the original). All of these are marked in the Wiki.
· Lego Island 2, the Last of PALs.
Well, we finally made it… We arrived to the PAL Fullset borderland. The place where we are putting an end to the part we know about the PAL región.
Lego Island 2 was actually a wonderful game, better in PC rather than the PSX port. This game was released in multiple countries, each one having its own dubbing and text translation. For so long, we’ve been trying to hunt all the missing versions identified by PSXDatacenter in time, till we finally lacked only two releases:
- Finland (SLES-03302)- Norway (SLES-03306)
However, no matter how much we looked for them on these countries (using second hand platforms) we just couldn't find them. In order to change this, i decided to first, ask about this around.
Every single retrogaming community, forum, blog, museum, shop, FB page... and each country's Reddit got a message from me asking about them since middle August.
... Guess what? NOTHING. I mean, NO-THING. Im still waiting for some answers but the situation for the moment is enough bad to believe... "What if the PSXDatacenter was wrong...?" "What if we are missing something here...?" "What if some of these releases got cancelled...?"
I was so desperate that i actually contacted Lego Central Support service in order to ask if they still kept any records about this games and the places it was published. Yeah, it didn't help as they only managed to redirect me to Warner Bros Interactive, whose only answer was "we don't keep any records about this, but if you want to ask for license for a project related to this game, call here". But hey, the Lego guy that attended me, damn, was really nice. He was actually happy that, as we finally in the digital era, it was time to make sure these games got preserved. Lovely Service Support, im buying Lego kits, damn!
Trying to figure out what could be happening, i tried to put in order the pieces... First, we have a rule about these releases: Each PSX version had its counter part on PC too, translated with same language. So if we found out about Norway having a PC release, this was a signal that the PSX should exist.
Then, i made this list:
SLES-03299 - LEGO Island 2: The Brickster's Revenge (PAL Europe English)
SLES-03300 - LEGO Øen 2: Kim Cool's Hævn (Denmark)
SLES-03301- LEGO Eiland 2: De Wraak van Dondersteen (Netherlands)
SLES-03302 ????
SLES-03303 - L'ile LEGO 2: La Revanche de Cassbrik
SLES-03304 - LEGO Insel 2: Der Steinbrecher kehrt zurück
SLES-03305 LEGO Isola 2: La Rivincita del Briccone (Italy)
SLES-03306 ?????
SLES-03307 LEGO Island 2: The Brickster's Revenge (Spain)
SLES-03308 LEGO Island 2: The Brickster's Revenge (Sweden)
Seeing this with perspective, there was no doubt that the SLES-03302 came from Scandinavia... But what if... What if the SLES-03306 came from a country near those Serials around... Like Portugal?
Finally... The Multilanguage idea: I saw that Lego Island 2 released in Game Color and Game Boy Advance too... Which language they had...? From Dat-o-Matic:
"LEGO Island 2 - The Brickster's Revenge (Europe) (En,Fr,De,Es,It,Nl,Pt,Sv,No,Da)"
English, French, German, Spanish, Italian, Dutch, Portuguese, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
The same day i received a picture from the Norwegian PC version of Lego Island 2. And in the next hour, i spotted a Lego Island 2 PSX copy in a Portugal second hand platform, with portuguese texts in the game's frontcover.
Now that's a bingo! Yeah, you may think im commiting the sin of pride. I actually felt like that but i didn't care. Then God punished me. After opening a post in Reddit Portugal, i found out someone who had a copy of this game.
Yesterday, i went to the bed waiting for the answer. Today, i woke up with this knocking me out so hard that my head could only scream "Im done with this. Forever".
https://ibb.co/4THHrKD
Yes. Thinking that the PSXDatacenter was wrong, and that SLES-03306 would be from Portugal, i get this. A totally new undiscovered serial for years. No, it wasn't exciting, it was a sucker punch. All my theories to the ground. Yes, including the PC one, as we just recently confirmed that Lego Island 2 was released in Israel, but, come one, this getting a release translated in Israel for Playstation... when other Lego games from PS1 had Norway and Finland languages too...? Being Lego a company from Denmark...? Come on...
Anyway, we finally got this one thanks to a great portuguese user that anonymously gave it...
... And now, we are still trying to figure out what the hell those two regional versions are. I think that maybe, at the end of the day, they really come from Norway and Finland. But, as i said, is a retrogaming community too niche.
But anyway, mystery is always exciting, and it will give the chance to other people to find out the truth and participate on this. With that said, if any norwegian or suomi user is around and knows something about this, please, make a call!

So what's left?

First, im probably making a couple of posts on Israel and Greece just for the sake of curiosity, i think these countries have the most obscure releases for Sony Playstation 1.
Secondly, in the Redump Wiki we still have an important list of Undumped Serial Number Variants, so, those discs with/without the # symbol could reveal us new undiscovered revision, we hope you check them out.
Thirdly, Demos.
I wanted to give demos its own space. We've made some wonderful discoveries in time and Im sure that some demos remains hidden, but at this point, is difficult to believe we aren't missing too many... Look at these beauties:
Demo sponsored by Kronenbourg 1664 beer.The first demo on the screen (This is Football) is locked and it's accessible only when you press the right combination of keys on the controller. The correct combination of keys was contained in scratch cards that was given away with the purchase of a beer.Videos are playing randomly on the main screen when you don't press any button on the controller
A demo with some beer DRM. Awesome. xD In case you wonder, yeah, we still don't know if nº01 and nº02 exists. But thanks so much to my friend TonyLizard for adding them.
Another one to talk about is this one, Monster Trucks (SLED-00692). Why? Because the dumper, ragnarok2009, never shared it. And we've spent years looking for it. No luck for the moment, really rare demo. This is the only dump we lack the proper dump data all over our datted discs from PAL region.
If you want to know which are the most rare demos around, take a look at the Wiki, but here's a resume:
And finally, non related to proper games:
I usually don't talk about the Unlicensed discs because is a neverending story. Not too many are missing, and you can find in the Wiki which are missing. Probably, the russian ones would be the most interesting.

End notes and a project to support: Serial Station

Helping this project became in some moment, a way for me to honor not only my favourite console or 10 years of work on Sony Playstation preservation... But especially to all those persons that have been using their time these years not only to dump games and fulfill the database. The coordinated efforts, hunting, researching, discoveries, conflicts, friendship...
Only a few names were given in this post for the last additions to the database, but the truth is that this has been a work that only could be achieved a hundreds of users and lot of them have become closer after the VideoGaming Preservation Collective discord was born.
All my gratitude to every single one of them. All my efforts trying to find every single item from the game retail list (and all the stuff from my country) was a way to finally feel like i paid some kind of debt. Now, i finally feel like I made my part, and it's time for other new users to show us things we never expected to help us keeping the database clean and corrected.
To end the post, a couple of end notes:
First: I would like everyone to remember that this work was build on human work. And, as humans, is not free from errors. We are always encouraging our members to verify all the discs they can, if you see a disc that hasn't been verificated yet, we will always apreciate receiving a new dump for it.
Secondly, and not less important: Long ago, my partner Landcross presented over here his project, SerialStation. SerialStation has been key in the last months to research and observe some Serial ID patterns in Sony platforms and discover new releases.
This project is basically giving us a beautiful tool to create our main Master Index Lists, and he needs help with them, so please, mind checking around and call if you think you have give some input on it.
As this post said, this is not the end, is just the edge of it. But still, Redump was born as a Playstation 1 Database to finally make a difference preserving this platform, and today, I think, we made honor to that purpose and there's no turning back to that.
Remember, in case you are interested in helping, you can always join us in VGPC Discord: https://discord.gg/AHTfxQV (note: in this Discord, rom sharing is totally forbbiden, this is a place to work actively for gaming preservation, and we take this serious). If not, you can always write here)
As always, thanks everyone for your atention and if there's anything you would like to complain, feel free to tell. Lot of the aspects of these reports are built first on my own perception/research/experience and then contrasted with some of my mates, so if you feel something is wrong, ill be happy to fix/change it.
Mind as always that im just a messenger, the real work behind all these projects and the content added can only be credited to every single user that put their contribution into them.
For every single one of them, my honest gratitude!
submitted by diegorbb93 to psx [link] [comments]


2019.09.01 11:28 diegorbb93 [Redump] Standing at the edge of the end in Sony Playstation 1 PAL

I still remember when i was nasty idiot looking for isos in Redump.org two years ago, complaining where the hell could a find them. My best friends says im still a nasty idiot, but at least i stopped complaining about Redump. Who would have said after these two years, that i would be writing this.
I really never expected to see myself looking for this. When i started in Redump my only intention was to help them get the spanish stuff missing. I always thought "why the hell should I care about those stupid Scandinavian release...?" and here I am a year and a half later, opening posts in those countries calling them to check if they have a weird Lego Island 2 release...
Hello everyone, Diego from VideoGame Preservation Collective (VGPC) here. As always, "TL,DR":
When it comes to videogaming preservation, no matter what the platform is, at the end of the day, there's just no way to delimit the end. We're seeing always how new betas, prototypes, hidden revisions... Appear suddenly and get documented by the community (or hoarded).
If there's a game changer when it comes to delimit what real retail items could be missing, that would be seeing internal Master Lists from Microsoft, Nintendo, Sega or Sony, Sega getting leaked and showing us what and where we should take a look, to discover what nearly nobody unknowledge before... And that's a miracle that has happened once with "big N", but i doubt it will happen again.
Same applies to Sony Playstation 1: No matter what we do, we'll never be able to confirm if we managed to complete and document the whole Game Retail Fullset... But man, how close we are just now... Im just sure of it.
Yes: The same as the universe has zones that we can't know they exist until we finally see them with our own eye, the Sony Playstation PAL region has games that we just don't know they exist yet. But the visible part, the part we knew it existed... Well, we are finally at the edge of it.
Only two months ago, we were announcing that Redump managed to dat more than 10K discs from PSX... From those disc, some game retail versions were still missing. Now, nearly all of them, were finally solved.
Thanks to the massive support of the community all these years, the original sources from places like SonyIndex database and PSXDatacenter and every single whisper around the internet, the original members from Redump and the ones to come did their best to delimit and mark every single disc they knew about, giving birth to the Wiki and their missing lists. Nearly one year ago, this was the situation:
http://wiki.redump.org/index.php?title=Sony_PlayStation_PAL_Missing_Games&diff=prev&oldid=20736
This is today:
http://wiki.redump.org/index.php?title=Sony_PlayStation_PAL_Missing_Games
In the last month, join efforts and luck contributed to solve some of the harder bosses we've had to deal while ending the list, while a couple of surprises appeared from the wild.
It all started when our dear member RibShark jumped on this, and got it:
https://www.ebay.co.uk/itm/Spider-Man-2-Enter-Electro-RARE-Pre-911-Recalled-Version-See-description/264405400860
I tried to research for this disc for months. The famous Spider-Man 2 Enter Electro original revision, whose final level had place in the top of the World Trade Center towers, and had to be canned after the 11-S attack. We already got the USA version thanks to GameRaveTV, and that one was the important for me, since PAL goes on 50hz. But still, it was some kind of thorn for me, as i really wanted to find this in order to erase it from the list...
As RibShark added it, I thought... "Maybe is time to push this as far as i can..." And it seems some up there heard me, because i feel like planets aligned in one line. What interesting things happened last month?

Jackie Chan Stuntmaster was released in PAL regions with Libcrypt protection. This famous anticopy prevented this game for being played properly as some levels got blocked if the console didn't detect the valid Libcrypt sectors. These Libcrypt sectors are key in order to make the game work, or surprises will pop up. Those surprises were different for each game: it was all to the game developer imagination to prevent the user from "enjoying" the game copy (most famous case could be Spyro 3...).
Our partner KrHacken has been researching this protection for years. But, one stranger case he found out made him go a bit mad, as the patch he developed for this game, wasn't working for a random user... A random user that was from my spanish forum luckily, and was able to help us.
This man, ElPatas, had a Jackie Chan Stuntmaster disc with something weird... After analysing this disc, we confirmed that something wrong happened in the disc factory with this shipment, as the game indicated after dumping... No Libcrypt sectors were found in the .Sub file generated. And worse, the game still asks for them... If you play the game till Level 3 and complete it, the "Loading screen" for Level 4 will get stuck forever.
This is the only record we've found out about this:
https://www.myce.com/news/Sony-and-copy-protections___ooops-588/
Oh dear. Have you ever heard that a huge company like Sony Computer Entertainment has been shipping out non-working games? Did you ever hear that a problem like this originates from a wrong installed copy-protection? No, you haven’t heard it before?
The European store version of Jackie Chan Stuntmaster has been delivered without the Libcrypt key disabling the copy protection while playing, so you can enjoy the original Sony version till level 3 only.
Bad luck for Sony? Bad luck for the customers? No, because you can apply a patch to a backup one and play the entire levels without problems.
No idea if Sony called about this in order to return the game and send a new copy. If the didn't do that with the infamous Digimon World release (that only the Scene had the balls to fix across ALL regions)... I don't think this happened with Jackie Chan, but still, we named this version as "Recalled", to distinguish it from the original correct version.
So yeah, thanks to KrHacken and ElPatas, we managed to add a broken disc to Redump. xd Next.

One of the most dumbest things that can happen to us when identifying unknown releases, it to find games having a different Serial ID in the sidecover, while having the original Serial ID PAL disc inside. This has happened a few times and made us lose time and money only to obtain something we already had before. But hey, if you accept this job, this is trial and error lot of times.
We found out that in Australia, one of those countries whose retrogaming community is really niche (difficulting us so much finding or documenting new or known releases), had a version of this game (SLES-01039) having different Serial ID from PAL Release (SLES-01061). The only known version we saw in ebay was selling for 40$ + shipment... Too much for a really random game.
That oportunity went by and in time, this was pending to be solved. I decided to make my usual "ask "X" country in Reddit for help" move and asked Australia for this... And no luck. I asked all the retrogaming shops from Australia around. No luck. But finally, i was told to ask in an FB community for Retrogaming Australia for PSX Collectors... And bingo.
Thanks so much to Luke Nugget, great PSX aussie collector, who is going after the PAL Fullset. He confirmed us that Kick Off World released in Australia with serial number "SLES-01039" on case spine and manual... But the disc was the same "SLES-01061" from normal PAL release.
In fact, I guess this could somehow be expected. The game didn't have any voice commentaries, so exclusive australian voices were not a possibility. And, soccer on the period release wasn't the most celebrated sport... And having exclusive aussie leagues license... It was just another random soccer game.
At least we saved our money. Next.

Gaming preservation has their own black sheeps sometimes. This was one of the biggest we've ever faced. And it was solved by a miracle last night.
Nearly everyone here knows TruRip, the private/closed source version of Redump to explain what it is somehow (I'm not trying to ignite again anything or make some hard facts for free, but, i guess there's no other way to explain it). TruRip managed to make a lot of discoveries that has helped us spotting some unknown game revisions and unknown serials.
However, for years, there was one driving us crazy, especially me, since the only info we knew was that the dumper was from Spain, so some mates expected this revision could be found here.
Striker 96 is just another random soccer game. There's nothing special to say about it. Nothing. But TruRip received a dump from a disc that contained updated files AKA a revision. The main problem with TruRip is that they didn't keep any single detail about this release (or at least, they didn't want to share it), we only had the dump avaliable. I recently contacted Ripper, main TruRip leader, in order to ask politely if he knew something about this, but he had no records about this.
Our mean fear with this release was that this was one of the first releases ever made for PSX, as SLES is "00023". I'm not sure which was the first time that Sony started to identify revisions by adding the "#" symbol at the end of the Serial ID SLES writen in the disc... But, as this release was one of the firsts to arrive to the market... Was this revision already using that system?
The only way we knew for sure to distinguish one revision from the original one was the internal files:
- Internal "SYSTEM.CNF" file date from ORIGINAL "REV. 0" release: "1995-09-29" [https://ibb.co/6t3xpKn]
- Internal "SYSTEM.CNF" file date from REVISION "REV.1" release: "1995-11-24" [https://ibb.co/nBW5qRy]
Only 2 months took place for the developer to update the game and rerelease it to the market (guess, 3 months from original release were needed to see the revision landing on shops). We tried buying different versions as we noticed three diferent cases:
- One didn't have the black side plastic with the Playstation logo [Check the picture]. It was all front full cristal case, guess this was the same for the original PSX releases.
- One with the black side plastic but no Playstation logo. [Guess these could just be generic cases]
- One with the black side plastic with Playstation logo.
And no luck. As expected, this was just left behind in time until days ago i decided to push this again. The only way was to ask each seller to check the internal file, so I asked:
- The 14/15 sellers on ebay avaliable.
- The 5 sellers in my country selling it.
- FB community for PSX Collectors.
- Reddit PSX.
- PSX Collectors from Spain i already knew
- PSX collectors in my spanish forums
I received at least 20 answers over the last days and im still receiving them. All of them confirmed me they had Rev.0
But, last night, the miracle finally happened. Our great french partner, KailoKyra, proceded to buy one unit taking advantage of an offer from his retrogaming shop. He came to the Discord like Jesus coming from heaven: This he bought didnt match the one in Redump. He found Rev.1 without even noticing it.
http://redump.org/disc/64624/
So the question is... How to spot this disc from the original one: Hold on on your chair.
- Original disc from PSXDatacenter.
- Revision disc: [Pic 1] [Pic 2] [Pic 3] [Pic 4]
YES. THAT F* DOT. The little mark there. That little spot we are trying so hard to analyse if it's just a disc printing effect, our mind cheating us or the only symbol used to mark the difference between one version and another.
No different barcode, mark symbols or colors (mind each scan or camera can produce different colour tone).

In order to make sure we documented everything we found, we made sure to indicate what we didn't find... and we won't probably ever find. Sometimes, fakes or typo Serial IDs have been spotted and we put them in the "Games/Demos that Probably Don't Exist".
Still, on a few cases, we found out we were wrong. That's the case of french Global Domination release, that again, KailoKyra caught and dumped.
The PAL territory... No matter how hard we research, it will always be a really uncharted land. If not, ask Portugal. Our partner Retrogamer added a Necronomicon portuguese release that we never found out about.
This is what happens when these countries that still received support from some publishers releasing games their language, have a retrogaming community completely isolated. You end up wondering if there could be another exclusive regional release pending to be found.
Cases like This Is Football Belgian release or the Israel's Fifa releases (and this) show us how at the end, we won't be able to confirm when the PAL Game Retail Fullset will be finished. But again, we did our best to stand at the edge of it.
Of course, this doesn’t apply only to Game retail games, but Demos and Game Revisions. There’s still lot of work to do dumping versions with/without the # symbol on the disc, or Platinum versions (or games whose Platinum versions were dumped and not the original). All of these are marked in the Wiki.
· Lego Island 2, the Last of PALs.
Well, we finally made it… We arrived to the PAL Fullset borderland. The place where we are putting an end to the part we know about the PAL región.
Lego Island 2 was actually a wonderful game, better in PC rather than the PSX port. This game was released in multiple countries, each one having its own dubbing and text translation. For so long, we’ve been trying to hunt all the missing versions identified by PSXDatacenter in time, till we finally lacked only two releases:
- Finland (SLES-03302)- Norway (SLES-03306)
However, no matter how much we looked for them on these countries (using second hand platforms) we just couldn't find them. In order to change this, i decided to first, ask about this around.
Every single retrogaming community, forum, blog, museum, shop, FB page... and each country's Reddit got a message from me asking about them since middle August.
... Guess what? NOTHING. I mean, NO-THING. Im still waiting for some answers but the situation for the moment is enough bad to believe... "What if the PSXDatacenter was wrong...?" "What if we are missing something here...?" "What if some of these releases got cancelled...?"
I was so desperate that i actually contacted Lego Central Support service in order to ask if they still kept any records about this games and the places it was published. Yeah, it didn't help as they only managed to redirect me to Warner Bros Interactive, whose only answer was "we don't keep any records about this, but if you want to ask for license for a project related to this game, call here". But hey, the Lego guy that attended me, damn, was really nice. He was actually happy that, as we finally in the digital era, it was time to make sure these games got preserved. Lovely Service Support, im buying Lego kits, damn!
Trying to figure out what could be happening, i tried to put in order the pieces... First, we have a rule about these releases: Each PSX version had its counter part on PC too, translated with same language. So if we found out about Norway having a PC release, this was a signal that the PSX should exist.
Then, i made this list:
SLES-03299 - LEGO Island 2: The Brickster's Revenge (PAL Europe English)
SLES-03300 - LEGO Øen 2: Kim Cool's Hævn (Denmark)
SLES-03301- LEGO Eiland 2: De Wraak van Dondersteen (Netherlands)
SLES-03302 ????
SLES-03303 - L'ile LEGO 2: La Revanche de Cassbrik
SLES-03304 - LEGO Insel 2: Der Steinbrecher kehrt zurück
SLES-03305 LEGO Isola 2: La Rivincita del Briccone (Italy)
SLES-03306 ?????
SLES-03307 LEGO Island 2: The Brickster's Revenge (Spain)
SLES-03308 LEGO Island 2: The Brickster's Revenge (Sweden)
Seeing this with perspective, there was no doubt that the SLES-03302 came from Scandinavia... But what if... What if the SLES-03306 came from a country near those Serials around... Like Portugal?
Finally... The Multilanguage idea: I saw that Lego Island 2 released in Game Color and Game Boy Advance too... Which language they had...? From Dat-o-Matic:
"LEGO Island 2 - The Brickster's Revenge (Europe) (En,Fr,De,Es,It,Nl,Pt,Sv,No,Da)"
English, French, German, Spanish, Italian, Dutch, Portuguese, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
The same day i received a picture from the Norwegian PC version of Lego Island 2. And in the next hour, i spotted a Lego Island 2 PSX copy in a Portugal second hand platform, with portuguese texts in the game's frontcover.
Now that's a bingo! Yeah, you may think im commiting the sin of pride. I actually felt like that but i didn't care. Then God punished me. After opening a post in Reddit Portugal, i found out someone who had a copy of this game.
Yesterday, i went to the bed waiting for the answer. Today, i woke up with this knocking me out so hard that my head could only scream "Im done with this. Forever".
https://ibb.co/4THHrKD
Yes. Thinking that the PSXDatacenter was wrong, and that SLES-03306 would be from Portugal, i get this. A totally new undiscovered serial for years. No, it wasn't exciting, it was a sucker punch. All my theories to the ground. Yes, including the PC one, as we just recently confirmed that Lego Island 2 was released in Israel, but, come one, this getting a release translated in Israel for Playstation... when other Lego games from PS1 had Norway and Finland languages too...? Being Lego a company from Denmark...? Come on...
Anyway, we finally got this one thanks to a great portuguese user that anonymously gave it...
... And now, we are still trying to figure out what the hell those two regional versions are. I think that maybe, at the end of the day, they really come from Norway and Finland. But, as i said, is a retrogaming community too niche.
But anyway, mystery is always exciting, and it will give the chance to other people to find out the truth and participate on this. With that said, if any norwegian or suomi user is around and knows something about this, please, make a call!

So what's left?

First, im probably making a couple of posts on Israel and Greece just for the sake of curiosity, i think these countries have the most obscure releases for Sony Playstation 1.
Secondly, in the Redump Wiki we still have an important list of Undumped Serial Number Variants, so, those discs with/without the # symbol could reveal us new undiscovered revision, we hope you check them out.
Thirdly, Demos.
I wanted to give demos its own space. We've made some wonderful discoveries in time and Im sure that some demos remains hidden, but at this point, is difficult to believe we aren't missing too many... Look at these beauties:
Demo sponsored by Kronenbourg 1664 beer.The first demo on the screen (This is Football) is locked and it's accessible only when you press the right combination of keys on the controller. The correct combination of keys was contained in scratch cards that was given away with the purchase of a beer.Videos are playing randomly on the main screen when you don't press any button on the controller
A demo with some beer DRM. Awesome. xD In case you wonder, yeah, we still don't know if nº01 and nº02 exists. But thanks so much to my friend TonyLizard for adding them.
Another one to talk about is this one, Monster Trucks (SLED-00692). Why? Because the dumper, ragnarok2009, never shared it. And we've spent years looking for it. No luck for the moment, really rare demo. This is the only dump we lack the proper dump data all over our datted discs from PAL region.
If you want to know which are the most rare demos around, take a look at the Wiki, but here's a resume:
And finally, non related to proper games:
I usually don't talk about the Unlicensed discs because is a neverending story. Not too many are missing, and you can find in the Wiki which are missing. Probably, the russian ones would be the most interesting.

End notes and a project to support: Serial Station

Helping this project became in some moment, a way for me to honor not only my favourite console or 10 years of work on Sony Playstation preservation... But especially to all those persons that have been using their time these years not only to dump games and fulfill the database. The coordinated efforts, hunting, researching, discoveries, conflicts, friendship...
Only a few names were given in this post for the last additions to the database, but the truth is that this has been a work that only could be achieved a hundreds of users and lot of them have become closer after the VideoGaming Preservation Collective discord was born.
All my gratitude to every single one of them. All my efforts trying to find every single item from the game retail list (and all the stuff from my country) was a way to finally feel like i paid some kind of debt. Now, i finally feel like I made my part, and it's time for other new users to show us things we never expected to help us keeping the database clean and corrected.
To end the post, a couple of end notes:
First: I would like everyone to remember that this work was build on human work. And, as humans, is not free from errors. We are always encouraging our members to verify all the discs they can, if you see a disc that hasn't been verificated yet, we will always apreciate receiving a new dump for it.
Secondly, and not less important: Long ago, my partner Landcross presented over here his project, SerialStation. SerialStation has been key in the last months to research and observe some Serial ID patterns in Sony platforms and discover new releases.
This project is basically giving us a beautiful tool to create our main Master Index Lists, and he needs help with them, so please, mind checking around and call if you think you have give some input on it.
As this post said, this is not the end, is just the edge of it. But still, Redump was born as a Playstation 1 Database to finally make a difference preserving this platform, and today, I think, we made honor to that purpose and there's no turning back to that.
Remember, in case you are interested in helping, you can always join us in VGPC Discord: https://discord.gg/AHTfxQV (note: in this Discord, rom sharing is totally forbbiden, this is a place to work actively for gaming preservation, and we take this serious). If not, you can always write here)
As always, thanks everyone for your atention and if there's anything you would like to complain, feel free to tell. Lot of the aspects of these reports are built first on my own perception/research/experience and then contrasted with some of my mates, so if you feel something is wrong, ill be happy to fix/change it.
Mind as always that im just a messenger, the real work behind all these projects and the content added can only be credited to every single user that put their contribution into them.
For every single one of them, my honest gratitude!
submitted by diegorbb93 to emulation [link] [comments]


2019.08.15 18:29 Touristupdatenola The Great Chinese Famine (1959-1961)

A Great Famine occurred in 1959 and 1961. For two decades the Chinese government maintained that between 10 and 20 million died as a result of drought and bad weather during that time. Now it believed that between 30 and 45 million may have died, making it world's greatest disaster since the Great Plague of the Middle Ages. What is even worse is that catastrophe now seems to have been a direct result of---or at least exacerbated by---Mao's inept attempts at industrialization during the Great Leap Forward. The Great Famine is called “The Three Years of Natural Disasters” in Chinese official discourse. The 30 million figure comes from the U.S. Census Bureau, which used a complicated model based on statistics from by China' State Statistical Bureau. Researchers at Princeton University, using a different model and a different set of statistics, came up with 45 million---about one out of every 20 people in China at that time. Most scholars believe the true figure is somewhere between 23 and 30 million.
“When there is not enough to eat, people starve to death," Mao observed at the time. “It is better to let half of the people die so that the other half can eat their fill." Bret Stephens wrote in the Wall Street Journal, “The source of all the suffering was not nature: There were no major droughts or floods in China in the famine years. Rather, the cause was man, and one man in particular: Mao Zedong, the Great Helmsman. [Source: Bret Stephens, Wall Street Journal, May 24, 2013]
"The first to die," wrote Daniel Southerland in the Washington Post, "were children and the aged...Under the commune system, the peasants were required to eat in communal mess halls where food was provided free. But the mess halls ran out of grain. Soon 'everything was in disorder' in the mess halls, according to one study. The young and the strong hastily consumed the most food while the old and weak could eat only the worst food, and ate less...The country's party leader, Zhao Yushu, prohibited people from rescuing children found abandoned along roads and in fields because saving them would lead more people to desert their children." [Source: Daniel Southerland, Washington Post, July 17, 1994]
"By December 1958," Mao's doctor wrote, "the food shortages had penetrated the vermilion walls of Zhongnanhai. That winter a nationwide famine set in. A large portion of the harvest lay uncollected in the fields because so many men had been transferred to working in the backyard steel furnaces."
Chris Buckley wrote in the New York Times, “Beginning in the early 1980s, restrictions on studying the famine began to ease. Historians gained limited access to archives, and sets of census and other population data gradually became available, allowing researchers to build a more detailed, albeit still incomplete, understanding of what Happened. Some scholars have concluded that about 17 million people died, while other counts go as high as 45 million, reflecting varied assumptions about the death rate in normal times as well as other uncertainties, including how much official statistics undercounted deaths during the famine years. [Source: Chris Buckley, New York Times, October 16, 2013]
In his book Mao's Great Famine Frank Dikötter, a professor of modern Chinese history at the University of Hong Kong, said he hopes to make the Great Famine “as well known as the two other man-made catastrophes of the twentieth century, the Holocaust and the Gulag." Drawing on new data and research released around the time of the 2008 Olympics in Beijing he estimated that out of a total population of six hundred and fifty million, “at least 45 million people died unnecessarily between 1958 and 1962" and then said this was a conservative estimate, speculating the true number could be as high as sixty million.
Not only that Pankaj Mishra wrote in The New Yorker: Dikötter says “Mao also precipitated the biggest demolition of real estate, the most extensive destruction of the environment, and the biggest waste of manpower in history." In the book Dikötter's “takes its reader through a brisk tour of the follies, inefficiencies, and deceptions of Mao's commandeered economy: impossible targets, exaggerated claims, maladroit innovation, lack of incentive, corruption, and waste. Ordered to go forth and make steel, Chinese flung anything they could find---pots, pans, cutlery, doorknobs, floorboards, and even farming tools---into primitive furnaces. Meanwhile, fields were abandoned as farmers fed furnaces in giant coöperatives, worked in similarly wasteful irrigation schemes, or migrated to urban factories in their millions. [Source: Pankaj Mishra, The New Yorker, December 20, 2010 +++]
Not all Chinese died of starvation or of the diseases that accompany malnutrition. “Coercion, terror, and systematic violence were the foundation of the Great Leap Forward," Dikötter wrote. He estimated that at least two and a half million were worked, tortured, or beaten to death or simply executed by Party officials, and between one and three million people committed suicide. Some of those who survived did so by selling or abandoning their children or by digging up and devouring the dead.
Ian Johnson wrote in the NY Review of Books: The famine grew out of Mao's desire to speed up China's development and force it into a utopian Communist vision that few in the Communist Party's leadership had thought possible or desirable. When the Communists took power they had forced through a brutal land reform that killed millions of landlords and imagined enemies, but they had also redistributed property to peasants---an immensely popular measure that won Mao goodwill among many people. Then, however, Mao began to press for speedier development known as “rash advance." Yang shows how the two other most influential leaders in the Party, Vice Chairman Liu Shaoqi and Premier Zhou Enlai, opposed “rash advance." As early as 1951 Liu opposed collectivized agriculture as “erroneous, dangerous, fantastical."[Source: Ian Johnson, NY Review of Books, November 22, 2012]
In 1957, however, Mao launched the Anti-Rightist Campaign, a wave of terror that wiped out or cowed much of the intelligentsia, terrifying even members of his inner circle. That allowed him to pursue collectivization, which reversed land reform by taking land from the peasants. Instead of peasants owning the land, the state did, giving it complete control over agricultural production. Enthusiasm fell, and with it production. [Ibid] The problem took a deadly turn when Mao began to endorse opportunistic officials who boasted that the communes had created ‘sputnik harvests." Henan, where the first communes had been formed in 1958, later that year began claiming wildly exaggerated yields of 1,000 kilograms of wheat per mu of land (a mu is one sixth of an acre)---fanciful numbers that defied common sense and science. Local governments began to outdo one another trying to offer the biggest harvests, which they had to deliver to state granaries. Often, these were nothing more than mounds of husks covered with a thin layer of grain, but once-skeptical officials like Zhou and Liu endorsed these magical results during public inspection tours. Local officials began sending all their village's harvests to granaries to meet these impossible targets, leaving villagers with nothing to eat. [Ibid]
Yang Jisheng, the author of Tombstone, wrote in the New York Times, “The Great Leap Forward that Mao began in 1958 set ambitious goals without the means to meet them. A vicious cycle ensued; exaggerated production reports from below emboldened the higher-ups to set even loftier targets. Newspaper headlines boasted of rice farms yielding 800,000 pounds per acre. When the reported abundance could not actually be delivered, the government accused peasants of hoarding grain. House-to-house searches followed, and any resistance was put down with violence. [Source: Yang Jisheng, New York Times, November 13, 2012]
Meanwhile, since the Great Leap Forward mandated rapid industrialization, even peasants’ cooking implements were melted down in the hope of making steel in backyard furnaces, and families were forced into large communal kitchens. They were told that they could eat their fill. But when food ran short, no aid came from the state. Local party cadres held the rice ladles, a power they often abused, saving themselves and their families at the expense of others. Famished peasants had nowhere to turn.
As farmers abandoned the land, their commune leaders reported hugely exaggerated grain output to show their ideological fervor. The state took its share on the basis of these inflated figures and villagers were left with little or nothing to eat. When they complained, they were labelled counter-revolutionary and punished severely. [Ibid]
In the first half of 1959, the suffering was so great that the central government permitted remedial measures, like allowing peasant families to till small private plots of land for themselves part time. Had these accommodations persisted, they might have lessened the famine's impact. But when Peng Dehuai, then China's defense minister, wrote Mao a candid letter to say that things weren't working, Mao felt that both his ideological stance and his personal power were being challenged. He purged Peng and started a campaign to root out “rightist deviation." Remedial measures like the private plots were rolled back, and millions of officials were disciplined for failing to toe the radical line. [Ibid]
Yang shows how hastily conceived dams and canals contributed to the famine. In some areas, peasants weren't allowed to plant crops; instead, they were ordered to dig ditches and haul dirt. That resulted in starvation and useless projects, most of which collapsed or washed away. In one telling example, peasants were told they couldn't use shoulder poles to carry dirt because this method looked backward. Instead, they were ordered to build carts. For that they needed ball bearings, which they were told to make at home. Naturally, none of the primitive bearings worked. [Ibid]
The result was starvation on an epic scale. By the end of 1960, China's total population was 10 million less than in the previous year. Astonishingly, many state granaries held ample grain that was mostly reserved for hard currency-earning exports or donated as foreign aid; these granaries remained locked to the hungry peasants. “Our masses are so good," one party official said at the time. “They would rather die by the roadside than break into the granary."
During the Great Leap Forward rural traditions were ignored. Farmers were prohibited from planting and fishing on their own. All grain had to be turned over to the government and farmers were required to meet grain quotas in exchange for rations at communal canteens. Communist Party officials falsified reports that stated record harvests; grain was shipped from provinces with masses of starving peasants to warehouses in the cities were it either rotted or was exported abroad to earn scarce hard currency; and tens of thousands of peasant were killed for resisting government policies. [Source: Daniel Southerland, Washington Post, July 17, 1994]
Pankaj Mishra wrote in The New Yorker: “While food shortages deepened, the Chinese regime continued to insist on huge grain procurements from the countryside. The aim was not only to maintain outstanding export commitments but also to protect China's image in the world."
According to Dikötter, Mao ordered the Party to procure more grain than ever before, declaring that “when there is not enough to eat, people starve to death. It is better to let half of the people die so that the other half can eat their fill." In 1960, the worst year of the famine, which was exacerbated by drought as well as flash floods, grain was sent, often gratis, to Albania, Cuba, Vietnam, Indonesia, and Poland.
Jonathan Kaiman wrote in the Los Angeles Times: “When Li Yaqin was 16, she ate what her family could scavenge: dandelion leaves, alfalfa, rice sprouts, corn husks ground and pressed into cakes. As her college-age granddaughter quietly captured her on digital camera, the 73-year-old told of watching her father starve to death. "He was sleeping on the bed and couldn't move because he was too hungry," said Li, her jet-black bangs framing an expression taut with lingering despair. "He called me to pull him up, but when I tried to pull him up, he just rolled around in bed and couldn't get up. And then he stopped moving." [Source: Jonathan Kaiman, Los Angeles Times, October 14,2015 ><]
Recalling the period, one Chinese botanist told Discover magazine, “Everyone was hungry. there wasn't enough food for everyone . My biggest wish was always to have a full stomach. From morning to night, I was hungry, hungry, hungry. But so was everyone." The botanist said his legs and belly swelled from malnutrition. Often the only thing to eat was bamboo shoots and leftover mash from making soy milk, a mixture he said was so foul it made him vomit and get diarrhea.
One witness told Yang Jisheng in Tombstone, “I went to one village and saw 100 corpses. Then another village and another 100 corpses. No one paid attention to them. People said dogs were eating the bodies. Not true I said. The dogs had long ago been eaten by the people."
Much of the grain was taken to the cities generating severe shortages among farmers. People remember grain rations that never arrived and eating sweet potatoes, cabbage soup, and leaves for weeks on end. Some families stayed alive by eating wild grass and mushrooms.
"59, 58 … 59, 60... Not a single good day in those three years. Many starved to death," Lei Xianzhen, a 70-year-old in Hubei province said. One farmer told the New York Times, "By 1959 the peasants were exhausted, and couldn't or wouldn't work more because the system took everything away. By 1960, we'd stopped planting. And the grain ran out."
In his book Chinese History Revisited Xiao Jiansheng described how his grandfather died in 1958 after his property was seized in the creation of the communes. “Our land, farming cows, farming tools, and even our pots, bowls andchopsticks were all confiscated," he wrote. But there was not enough food at the public canteen and the despairing 78-year-old starved himself to death in protest...I learned that when a person's private property is infringed upon, his right to pursue happiness is taken away, there could be dire consequences," Xiao wrote. [ Source:Tania Branigan, The Guardian]
Cannibalism and the Great Famine at Its Worst
Louisa Lim reported on NPR, "Unbearable hunger made people behave in inhuman ways. Even government records reported cases where people ate human flesh from dead bodies. "Documents report several thousand cases where people ate other people," Yang says. "Parents ate their own kids. Kids ate their own parents. And we couldn't have imagined there was still grain in the warehouses. At the worst time, the government was still exporting grain."[Source: Louisa Lim, NPR, November 10, 2012]
One local government report on cannibalism read: “Date: February 1960. Location: Zhangzigou backside village in Hanji commune. Culprit's name: Yi Wucheng. Culprit's status: Poor peasant. Number of victims: 4. Manner of crime: Exhumed the victims’ corpses and consumed the flesh. Reason: To survive.." People said they were so hungry their chests touched their backs. Anhui Province, about 600 miles south of Beijing, was one of the hardest hit areas. Here bodies sometimes lined the road and reports of cannibalism were common. "Everyday, I would see a corpse," one Anhui farmer told the Los Angeles Times. "Sometimes I recognized them as a neighbor. Often they were strangers."
One survivor told the Los Angeles Times, she lost her 3-year-old daughter and her sister within a few hours of each other. "As I turned to come home, I thought for sure that I would die myself on the way." She then said, "The only thing that saved us was carrots we grew on the riverbanks. We had three old people die from diseases related to starvation. But the carrots saved most of us."
According to a report made available in the West in 1998, there were 63 recorded reports of cannibalism at Fengyang County commune in Anhui.. "In Damiao commune," the report read, "Chen Zhangying and her husband Zhao Xezhen killed and boiled their 8-year-old son Xiao Qing and ate him...In Wudian commune Wang Lanyong not only pick picked up dead people to eat, but also sold two jin [2.2 pounds] from their bodies as pork."
Xinyang Incident
The worst of the Great Famine was in Xinyang in China's central Henan province, where one in eight people died from the famine. Pankaj Mishra wrote in The New Yorker, “One of Yang's most compelling case studies is of Xinyang, a city in Henan province, where a million people out of a population of more than eight million were victims of Maoist experimentation. Here, as in many parts of China, exaggerated reports of harvests and aggressive procurements of grain by the state led to mass starvation. By the spring of 1960, according to one of Yang's witnesses, corpses lay on the roads and in the fields, hardened by the winter cold and bent, often with holes in their buttocks and legs where flesh had been torn off. The survivors blamed dogs for the disfigurement. But the dogs had already been eaten. The truth was that many people that winter and the next survived by preying on the dead, sometimes even on their own family members." [Source: Pankaj Mishra, The New Yorker, December 10, 2012 <<>>] Ian Johnson wrote in the NY Review of Books: "The sixty pages Yang spends on Xinyang are a tour de force, a brutal vignette of people dying at the sides of roads, family members eating one another to survive, police blocking refugees from leaving villages, and desperate pleas ignored by Mao Zedong and his spineless courtiers. It is a chapter that describes a society laid so low that the famine's effects are still felt half a century later. [Source: Ian Johnson, NY Review of Books, November 22, 2012 ]
"Yang interviewed a colleague at the Xinhua news agency who had been stationed in Xinyang. During a long-distance bus ride, he said, “I could see one corpse after another in the ditches along the roadway, but no one on the bus dared to talk about the starvation." The reporter found out that a third of the population in some areas had died while “the leading cadres continued to stuff themselves." But “after I personally witnessed how people who spoke the truth were brought to ruin, how could I dare to write an internal reference report?”
"The starvation led to the destruction of human relations. In one case, an official heard about a teenage girl whose parents had died. Near death, she killed her four-year-old brother and ate him. Filled with pity and a sense of helplessness, the official finally arrested the girl, reasoning that at least in jail she might get something to eat. Local granaries were rarely opened, with officials who dared to do so punished, often with death. Meanwhile, farmers couldn't leave their villages. A Central Committee “urgent communiqué” declared anyone leaving rural areas to be a vagrant. Local officials enforced the travel ban brutally, beating thousands to death. Police controlled all train stations. Long-distance buses were driven only by Party members. Postal service was so heavily monitored that it essentially shut down. Rural China had become a gulag without food. “The peasants could only stay home and await death," Yang writes.
"When Mao finally heard about the Xinyang Incident in 1960, he acted in a delusional fashion, declaring that landlords had retaken control and wrecked his utopian experiment. One main culprit he identified was the daughters of landlords, whom he accused of marrying Communist Party officials and ruining them. An inspection team headed by a senior Party member arrived in Xinyang and concluded that local officials were responsible for failing to follow Beijing's orders. Of course they had been following Beijing's orders, which is why the starvation had taken place. No matter, several thousand were arrested and beaten, and hundreds were killed. That meant an even further hardening of local officials against any sort of rational response. The famine continued, spreading nationally and claiming tens of millions."
Liu reported: “The level of energy expended on covering up what was happening is chilling. One passage in the book reads: "When the Guangshan County post office discovered an anonymous letter to Beijing disclosing starvation deaths, the public security bureau began hunting down the writer. One of the post office's counter staff recalled that a pockmarked woman had mailed the letter. The local public security bureau rounded up and interrogated every pockmarked woman without identifying the culprit. It was subsequently determined that the writer worked in Zhengzhou and had written the letter upon returning to her home village and seeing people starving to death." Those who tried to leave the area were sent to labor camps. Ideological campaigns continued; in one district of Henan alone, 1,000 people were beaten to death for political problems. [Source: Louisa Lim, NPR, November 10, 2012]
“Horrific as it was, with its cannibalism and people eating mud in search of sustenance, the famine generated by the Great Leap's failure and the diversion of labor from farming was only part of a saga of oppression, cruelty and lies on a gargantuan scale," the historian Jonathan Fenby wrote in the Guardian. [Source: The Guardian,Jonathan Fenby, September 5, 2010]
In a review of Frank Dikotter's book Mao's Great Famine: The History of China's Most Devastating Catastrophe, 1958-62 ,the Fenby wrote, “Horrors pile up as... the spread of collective farms and the vast projects that caused more harm than good “involve “the press-ganging of millions of people into forced labor. As the pressure mounted to provide the all-powerful state with more and more output, the use of extreme violence became the norm, with starvation used as a weapon to punish those who could not keep up with the work routine demanded of them. The justice system was abolished. Brutal party cadres ran amok. “It is impossible not to beat people to death," one county leader said."
“In the draconian, top-down, militaristic system that ruled China, the harsh execution of orders was a way for officials to win promotion as they were set impossible targets for everything even for the number of executions. The inefficiency, waste and destruction were gigantic. The masses in whose name the Communist party claimed to rule were eminently disposable. From 1927 to their victory in 1949, Mao and his companions had waged ruthless warfare (against equally ruthless if less effective nationalist opponents); now the campaign was economic and the farmers and industrial workers were the fodder expected to sacrifice themselves for the cause dictated from on high. Anybody not ready to lay down their life would have it taken from them in the name of the higher good of the cause."
Responding to claims that the Great Famine didn't take place, one person posted the following weibo: “My hometown is a village in Anhui Province. I heard senior villagers talk about “the year of 1958" since I was little. I'm not sure how many have died of starvation from 1958 to 1961, but in my father's family, the only ones survived were my father, his mom and dad and his youngest sister. All his brothers were dead. Whenever my father talks about it, he'd cry. I also feel his pain. [Source: Offbeat China, May 3, 2012]
Another one from Anhui Province read: “My father came from Linshu County, Anhui Province. Due to his family's extreme poverty, my father was given a chance to study at a college in Shanghai. To make it possible for my father to live, my grandparents had to eat tree barks and they both starved to death...During the Great Famine, not many people directly died of starvation in my hometown. But a lot died from malnutrition. Many more households escaped at the risk of being shot. Most of these people lost trace since, among them were my grandma's family." [Ibid]
“The Great Famine experienced by my family. My hometown is Jingyan at Leshan. One of my aunts married a Mr. Xiong from the same village. They had a total of 8 members in their family, the couple, one son, two grandparents, and three siblings. They all starved to death during the Great Famine. None survived! The tragedy happened right to our parents’ generation...My father told me that 1958 was actually a once-in-a-life-time plentiful year. How big was the harvest? Ripe grains were left rotten in farmlands for months. The whole village smelled like rotten sweet potatoes. 1959 was OK, but people started to die of starvation from 1960. [Ibid]
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2019.08.07 12:44 Rocknocker Malaysia Mania. Part 1.

That reminds me of a story.
So, howdy and "Happy tam, may be please to lucky help" to all you too.
Life does occasionally intrude upon reality and I, without so much as a "By your leave" was ordered to attend a series of concourses, conferences and crowds in a place so far east, it seems actually out west.
Yep, I had to travel to that place where they raise welts on small, eucalyptus-eating furry marsupials.
You guessed it, I was off to Koala Lumper, Malaysia.
After a day of running about town trying to secure the necessary tickets, exit visas ("They won't let you leave home without one.") and other forms of governmental officiousness and graft. I settled back into an obviously over-used and seldom sumptuous seat of an aging Gulf Air-liner and wung (being the manifest past imperfect of "winged") my way eastward.
Once out of Middle Eastern airspace, i.e., wheels up, the bedraggled flight crew began complimentary, that is, bloody expensive, beverage service. Infuriatingly, I couldn't get a Business Class seat at such a late date and had to fly, only one way, Baggage, er...Coach Class.
Let's see. ‘Complimentary’ beer was $USD4, wine was the same, Wild Turkey was $USD5 for those little, bitty bottles of airliner booze, and, thanks to a lack of JP4 in Bahrain, there was no scotch available.
It was a thoroughly uninteresting flight, not so much as a schnozzled sheik in a disheveled dishdasha to break the boredom. The in-flight entertainment instead was provided by an absolutely aristocratic matron who unconditionally refused to sit next to a "heathen infidel". She was referring yours truly, none other than the ambassador of goodwill and amity in all exotic cultures.
I was actually only trying to enjoy/numb out/sleep through/drown the ennui of yet another international excursion. In other words, I think she objected to me having, all at one time, six cans of Tiger Lager, in various levels of beery fullness, three bottles of vodka and a few bottles of bourbon on my unlocked and nowhere near its fully upright nor locked position tray table.
I figured she was peeved that I didn't offer her one. So I whipped up a quick boilermaker and set it on her tray with a twinkle and a leer. "Compliments of the International Infidel Conspiracy. We're here for your children, m'dear. Cheers!"
After they pried her out of the overhead compartment and found her a seat more to her liking...maybe she didn't like beer? I retrieved the drink and settled in for the in-flight movie, reveling in my new found elbow room.
The movie was altogether eminently forgettable. It was a sort of hack'd-n-slash'd edited-for-flight version of "The Unsinkable Boat and the Iceberg". Gad. There actually was applause when the opening credits rolled and the few western women on the flight actually seemed to swoon at the mention of Leonardo De Cappacino or De Cappicola or De Capitated.
They should bottle this stuff and sell it to insomniacs. This disjunct cinematic jetsam could put a speed-freak to sleep.
Well, I awoke some hours later during our descent into the aptly and not terribly originally named Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA).
I shoveled my empties into the flight attendant’s trash bag and noted that she had benefited from her aerobic workout of fetching potables for me during the long flight. However they were going to have to replace that carpet that leads to the galley now; it’s done wore out.
So, I lumbered my way off the airliner and into the sultry heat, humidity and haze that is Malaysia. Not terribly different from the Middle East, except it’s far more verdant, far more aromatic. Here, the petrochemical smells vie for the upper hand over rotting vegetation and the mephitic redolence of the local humanity, as it is much, much more crowded.
Kuala Lumpur is certainly a most gregarious metropolitan locale. There exists the most amazing collection of peoples of so many races: Malays, Chinese, New Guineans, Indians, Sri Lankans, South, North and East Africans, Pakistanis, ad infinitum. And they all seemed to be intent on occupying the same square meter as I and they seemed to be possessed of a particular interest in the real estate represented by my right rear pants pocket.
Seems there was the small matter of a wallet taking up space there and no end of seemingly helpful individuals about who were willing, quite unasked, to extract the offending piece of luggage and let the pocket revel it its own new found elbow room.
After explaining, in my own inimitable fashion, to a number of these jolly fellers that "Thank you, no. I like my wallet right where it is.", I smilingly sent two or six of them on their merry ways to seek medical attention for their heavily bruised and sprained fingers.
"Such kidders, these folk.", I mused as I planted my size 16EEE Vasque Trakker on the backside of one chap who was particularly insistent that my wallet was far too heavy for me to carry and that he could do a much better job.
Ah, I do so love to travel to far and distant lands.
Sheesh. Where's the airport lounge?
Did I mention that I was not travelling alone? Well, up until we landed, I was with three of my co-workers who promptly evaporated once the plane hit the tarmac. I figured that they knew the ropes around these parts better than I, so I sought out the local airport cantina to await my baggage's arrival and then make my way to the hotel. I figured they'd meet me there.
Truth is, I never saw a one of them until after the flight home. Ah, well. Wouldn't be the first time this weary traveler was on his own in a country where I have no idea of the languages or cultures. See, I carried the universal translator: a Platinum American Express card and a pocketful of company cash advance.
I had confirmed reservations at the Regency, which was located close to the airport and in, what I was later to find out, what is called "The Golden Triangle". Since the last "Golden Triangle" I was in included Beaumont, Shreveport and New Iberia, I was not terribly optimistic. It turned out to be the bustling shopping and business centre of the city.
As I was not in any extreme hurry, I still had to collect my bags and also the next day off before the classes/convention began, I took my time and took in some of the local airport scenery.
As I sat in the bar and fired up a huge, double-maduro cigar; I watched the parade of humanity wash along the shores of the concourse like so much foam in a brownish brook. Little knots of people would form eddies in the current and I couldn't help but note the similarity between this flood and a river in the Hill Country after a spring thunderstorm.
While at the bar, I was buttonholed by at least five or six nubile, young wenches who must have all been inexplicably extraordinarily thirsty. All of them enquired if I would by them a drink and they all wanted me to go with them and consume it elsewhere; typically in their hotel room.
I politely declined each invitation, although I did have a fear of breaching some sort of local custom; but no alarm was necessary. After some convivial cajoling of "Piss off. No, I don't to buy you or a drink or want a date.” the youthful demoiselles would smile beamingly, and silkily depart only to petition another, oddly western, equally weary male-type person in the barroom.
"Odd behavior", I thought. I must do more research on this phenomenon. All in the name of science, of course.
I noted that the sun was going where it seemingly does every evening and figured that it would probably be in my best interest to seek asylum and my baggage before nightfall. Parting the swash of humankind, I ventured forth with my wallet now securely settled in my vest pocket to retrieve my baggage.
Time tested travel tales are the best, as I had sat in the bar for just over two hours and my baggage had seemingly just arrived on conveyor #4. I retrieved the same and headed out into the morass to seek ground transportation to my night's digs.
The pneumatic doors swooshed open and I was hit, full in the phizzog by the singe, steam and scent of an overpopulated petrochemical-based jungle that was in direct combat with a real, not too distant, jungle.
"I do get to travel to the most vivid places on earth on this job", I mused.
The cacophony of traffic immediately outside the terminal made one long for the comparatively serene iciness of the venue and gracious fascination of the industrial debutantes back at the bar. Nevertheless, armed with a grim determination, a fierce resolve and a waning buzz; I ventured into the fray and raised my hand to hail a taxi.
After the wreckers pulled the six or so cabs apart that tried to simultaneously vie for my fare, I got into the least demolished vehicle and handed the driver a card that had the name of the hotel printed on it in 6 different languages.
"Sorry, mate.” said the driver, "But I can't read a single one of these names."
"Great.", I thought. Slowly, it dawns on me that he speaks passably impeccable English.
"But you do speak English?” I enquired with perhaps one of the trips most inane and ridiculously rhetorical questions.
"Yessir. Where to?" I could easily see his eyes roll skyward in the rear view mirror.
So, I tell him the hotel name and we were off on yet another careen through what laughably passes for traffic in these parts of the world.
I felt that I needed to explain myself and mentioned that other folks back at the office who travelled to this region warned of the inability of the taxi drivers to speak either Arabic or English and the need for the card.
"Well, that's typically true; but not for me."
I asked why.
Turns out, the driver, one Salem by name ("Sal" for short) was a disenfranchised and disillusioned Tasman. In his spare time, spent his days sailing and fishing in the Malay/Indonesian archipelago; but was currently "Dry up", out of cash and had to take a "hack job" to supplement his meagre larders.
One could not help but notice the grin forming on my face.
We slalom along down Jalan Huag Tuah towards the hotel when he explains that he always hovers around the exit terminal looking for the taller, out of place, less pigmented and typically boozed-up passengers. He tells me that I scored bonzers on all counts. That way, he continued, he gets people that can speak English, are typically either on holiday or business trips and can actually afford to pay the cab fare.
He also points out that usually they're so laden, in one way or another that they don't bolt from the cab without paying the fare. I took that to mean that they carry a lot of luggage and won't scamper at the end of the line. At least, that better be what he meant...
We screech up to the entry-way of the hotel and I begin to unfold out of the damn Toy-Auto Carina sub-subcompact that Sal was piloting. He tells me to go ahead and get booked in, as the XVI Commonwealth Games were over, but there are still a lot of tourists and such lingering about afterward, and he'll see to my bags. Normally, I don't trust anyone I don't know as far as I could throw them, but Sal was such an affable character that I innately knew he'd not try and fuck me over.
For once, my instincts proved correct.
I sallied forth, invaded the hotel and went up to the check-in desk. It was a terribly posh hotel, far too much for the likes of yours truly. It was on the company's nickel, though, so I didn't balk.
"A reservation for Doctor Rocknocker, my good man.", I inquired of the desk clerk; a toffee-nosed little wisp of a fart who was soon to be on my ‘Not best friends at all’ list.
"Ah, yes. Here it is. Oh, I am sorry. But it appears that there was some sort of error and your room has been given to someone else."
"Hmmm...Says here that my reservation is held for late check-in and guaranteed through my credit card."
"Well, that may well be, but it still doesn't alter in the least the fact that your room is no longer available.”
"Well, then. I suggest you find me another room and do it rather quickly, as I think there's an ugly front blowing in from the west."
"No, sir. I'm so sorry. , but we simply don't have any rooms left..."
The fuse having been lit, I was about to detonate into a flurry of dark oaths, epitaphs and curses when Sal comes up and calms me with: "Ease off, mate. Let me handle this."
I did not record the conversation between Sal and the desk clerk, but there was quite a number of threats, accusations and the offer to have the desk clerk's head removed for inspection somewhere distant or some such goings on.
Sal certainly knew how to navigate the bayou of begging and course of corruption around these parts, sort of like Mexican border towns, but without the charm. Surprise, there was a room or two available. My reservation went from a Deluxe Premier room, currently occupied, or so it seemed, to one of four Executive Suites.
All at the same price, at all the same dates.
I asked Sal what he did to the poor desk clerk. He simply stated that he was going to call their version of the INS and have this idiot’s ass deported for corruption and bribery. Amazing what a few veiled threats can do.
"Sal, I owe you one. Meet me in the bar and I'll have my company buy you drinks and dinner."
"I can't now, I'm still on duty. But, if you're still rational at 10:00 pm; I'll let you take me to a local hash house for some real chow."
"Fair enough. Hope to see you here at 10:00."
After a shower, which only took me 20 minutes to find in this HUGE room, a quick snooze and a couple of hours of raiding the room's mini-bar; I, was feeling quite refreshed, and went to the lobby to await Sal.
He arrived spot on 2200 hours and bade me into his cab. "Don't worry about the fare. I'm off-duty. So, where do you want to go?"
"You're the local. What do you suggest?"
"What are you hungry for?” Sal queried.
"Well, seafood is always good..."
"And you're on company money? Hot damn!" and off we sped into the night.
We arrived some 20 minutes later at a brasserie known as "Janbo", a Chinese seafood-specialty restaurant. Armed with my trusty Platinum AE card, we went in and were immediately seated. The place was quite large and seemingly very quiet.
"It doesn't get busy here until later", Sal informed me. Another city that never sleeps, it seems.
Well, we ordered up a few rounds of potables to whet our appetites and cast a glance over the menu. Seafood of every variety: lobster, prawns, mussels, crab, fish, oysters...a veritable finned and molluscan cornucopia from the warm fertile South China Seas waters.
I gazed at one of the menu's items quizzically.
It read: "Fried Geoduct".
Now, being the cunning linguist that I am; I put it together that "geo" is Latin for "earth" and "duct", geomorphologically, is a water-filled ditch or ravine. Ergo, they were offering to "fry me a river"; so I simply had to order that as an entree.
Sal chose the fried lobster and clams in Wanchee sauce and we proceeded to regale each other with our tales of the exotic; over a bottle or six of "Phoeey Yuk" Chinese plum table wine.
"Phoeey Yuk" indeed.
Anyways.
The restaurant was remarkable in its food, prices, portions, and service. One could scarcely set down one's glass before one or another grinning wait-type-person would immediately shamble over, wipe the ever-increasing condensation from the glass and refill it to the point of overflow. I figured I just might grow to like this place.
They served all sorts of gratis pre-nosh appetizers. Exotic nibbly things like "tom yam" (spicy shrimp), "khoa cha" (very spicy beef strips) and chicken satay with peanut/chili (really fucking spicy) sauce.
Note how all were free, all were hotter'n the hinges of hell and all served in unending amounts. Reason being, seafood and the like are damn near free here, but they make their most cash on drinks. Tonight, they made a fortune off of me and Sal.
submitted by Rocknocker to Rocknocker [link] [comments]


2019.06.05 08:04 Lukashik102539 Top Sites to Sentry Disengage Tv Serial and Movies

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Tricky Towers
Tricky Towers is a physics based tower building game puzzle video game that uses a form of block-stacking problem as the central game mechanic.[2] It was released on digital distribution service Steam for Windows, OS X, and Linux, and for the Playstation Plus service in August 2016, before being released on PlayStation 4 a month later. It was released on Xbox One on September 18 2017.[3][4] The game runs on the Unity engine and was created by independent studio WeirdBeard. The game received favourable reviews.[5][6][7]


Gameplay
Tricky Towers uses physics based tower building game mechanics. Although there is some visual similarity to Tetris, the gameplay is entirely different. It features falling blocks but the goal is to stack blocks onto a tower rather than clear rows.[8] Random blocks drop from the top of the screen and rows do not disappear, but blocks may fall off the tower. During the game, events may cause changes to the block physics, such as doubling in size, becoming slippery, or dropping at faster rates. The player takes control of one of the available wizard avatars and must, depending on the game mode, compete against other wizards in building his wizard tower to be as tall and stable as possible, and as quickly as possible. The games are short and fast paced and are easy to pick up and play. Pieces move in half-square increments.[9]

Players can use magic spells to assist themselves or to hinder opponents. During a match, there are 17 spells which can become available to the player. Spells are divided into Light and Dark magic categories - Light magic focuses on augmenting your tower while Dark Magic revolves around interfering with your opponents, such as damaging or weakening their towers, or meddling with their engineering efforts in other devious ways.



Here are the Tricky Towers system requirements (minimum)
CPU: 1.73 GHz Intel Pentium M or higher.
RAM: 1 GB.
OS: Windows XP.
VIDEO CARD: Info.
FREE DISK SPACE: 400 MB.



The game has 3 distinct multiplayer game modes: Race, Survival and Puzzle. In the Race game mode, players must compete to be the first to build a tower tall enough to pass the finish line. Efficiency and construction speed are key to this game mode and it makes for a fast paced and frantic game experience. In Survival, the player must try and place a certain number of bricks on their tower without dropping too many and losing their health. They must focus on careful construction and smart application of spells to triumph. The Puzzle game mode is more slow paced compared to the other two. Players need to try and place as many bricks on their tower as possible below a certain cut-off point. This requires a more creative style of play, as the player has to try and overcome the physics and come up with various engineering solutions.

There are also a number of single-player challenges available, where the player has to try and achieve a certain set of conditions depending on the challenge to succeed. There are also single-player versions of the Survival and Puzzle game modes where players compete for a high score, and the Xbox version of the game has a single-player version of the Race game mode.



Multi-player Fun


Tricky Towers tips, tricks, strategy guide



In a video game Tricky Towers, you might encounter some difficulties or some obstacles that might hinder your progress. You might feel that you are not experiencing Tricky Towers game to the fullest. An enemy, a puzzle or a simple environment obstacle might ruin your experience of Tricky Towers or any video game, in general, immensely. Or maybe, you will not encounter them. Maybe, you just want to get some more powerful items, character or weapon and armor upgrades or tips, that might help you reach the goal you want in Tricky Towers or similar game more quickly and more efficiently. Here, you might find Tricky Towers tips, tricks, strategy guide that might help you finish, or even experience the Tricky Towers game to the fullest, much faster and much smoother or even with some flair or style. Through the gameplay of Tricky Towers, players might get interested in Casual games sub genre. Players of game Tricky Towers might show interest and go deeper not only in Casual games sub genre but in Other notable genres genre in general, and with Tricky Towers tips, tricks, strategy guide, they might see and look for new ways on how to complete levels or how to defeat bosses. It is always fun to have an advantage in Casual games games, why not use Tricky Towers tips, tricks, strategy guide to become the most advantageous player in game Tricky Towers?



HOW TO PLAY::::>>>>


Single player

Race trial

In the race trials, the objective is to reach the finish line before the time runs out.

Survival trial
In the survival trials, the player has 3 lives and a set number of bricks. The objective is to place all bricks on the tower without losing all three lives.

Puzzle trial
In the puzzle trials, the player has a set number of bricks to place under a laser line. If a brick is placed (partially) above the line or a brick is dropped, the trial has been failed.

Endless survival
The player has three lives to stack as many bricks in a single tower as they can. This mode has a global and friends leaderboard.

Multiplayer
All multiplayer modes have an easy, normal & special mode. Easy is meant for beginning players, normal for more experienced players and special brings a twist to each game mode.

In some multiplayer modes the player will receive 2 spells every time they reach a checkpoint; one light spell to help themselves, and one dark spell to direct at their opponents. A player can use only one, not both.

Race
First player to get to the finish wins. Race special takes place in stormy weather, so the player has to take care of strong winds taking down their tower.

Survival
Every player has three lives, the first player to use all their bricks wins. Alternatively, the last player standing when no player has reached that goal wins. Survival special gives all players waves of dark spells to overcome at the same time.

Puzzle
Every player gets the exact same bricks and base, the player that stacks the most bricks under the laser line wins. Puzzle special has all players start with a tiny base with holes in the sides, bricks need to be nudged in horizontally to widen the base to allow for more bricks to be placed.



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GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE Version 2, June 1991 Copyright (C) 1989, 1991 Free Software Foundation, Inc., http://fsf.org/ 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license document, but changing it is not allowed. Preamble The licenses for most software are designed to take away your freedom to share and change it. By contrast, the GNU General Public License is intended to guarantee your freedom to share and change free software--to make sure the software is free for all its users. This General Public License applies to most of the Free Software Foundation's software and to any other program whose authors commit to using it. (Some other Free Software Foundation software is covered by the GNU Lesser General Public License instead.) You can apply it to your programs, too. When we speak of free software, we are referring to freedom, not price. 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Also add information on how to contact you by electronic and paper mail. If the program is interactive, make it output a short notice like this when it starts in an interactive mode: Gnomovision version 69, Copyright (C) year name of author Gnomovision comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY; for details type `show w'. This is free software, and you are welcome to redistribute it under certain conditions; type `show c' for details. The hypothetical commands `show w' and `show c' should show the appropriate parts of the General Public License. Of course, the commands you use may be called something other than `show w' and `show c'; they could even be mouse-clicks or menu items--whatever suits your program. You should also get your employer (if you work as a programmer) or your school, if any, to sign a "copyright disclaimer" for the program, if necessary. Here is a sample; alter the names: Yoyodyne, Inc., hereby disclaims all copyright interest in the program `Gnomovision' (which makes passes at compilers) written by James Hacker. {signature of Ty Coon}, 1 April 1989 Ty Coon, President of Vice This General Public License does not permit incorporating your program into proprietary programs. If your program is a subroutine library, you may consider it more useful to permit linking proprietary applications with the library. If this is what you want to do, use the GNU Lesser General Public License instead of this License.
submitted by WatermelonWaterWarts to copypasta [link] [comments]


2019.01.05 18:51 rucrefugee How a Danish university dependent on corporate America fosters corporate loyalty in students

Students of Roskilde University ("RUC") have no choice but to accept, become dependent on, and support these corporations:
At RUC there is no escape from Microsoft. Mathworks is only avoided by students who avoid taking statistics.

E-mail service that establishes trust in Microsoft (and how it evolves into loyalty)

RUC has outsourced e-mail service to Microsoft. Students are obligated to access their Microsoft-served e-mail in order to receive official correspondence from school staff. There is no opt-out mechanism.
Regular exposure to MS corporate branding in the student's UI establishes brand awareness using freemium. Students become accustomed to the look and feel of the Outlook UI, making them more likely to develop trust and cling to that interface more in the future. It's through repeated forced bonding with Microsoft's UI that leads ultimately to fostered loyalty.
The loyalty is deepened further when the student grapples with idiosyncrasies like booking a room because the struggle leads to the user acquiring vendor-specific knowledge. The user is rewarded when their skill with the tool advances as they become more efficient with overcoming flaws and anti-features; as if they filled up a Starbucks loyalty card and got a payout. Unlike a loyalty card these advancements continue rewarding the user as long as they keep using the tool. When the user faces the decision to use an alternate tool they are less inclined to give up the vendor-specific knowledge that has accumulated.
So overcoming non-intuitive aspects of a UI actually leads to more loyalty. The university sharpens this effect by trapping the student on the tool. Whereas being outside an organization includes freedom to switch tools anytime a use-case becomes non-intuitive.
RUC has disabled IMAP access, thereby crippling students who would prefer a vendor-neutral standards-complying mail user agent ("MUA") or an MUA of a different vendor. Forcing Microsoft's non-standard protocols and favoring Microsoft UIs creates biases that raise the barrier to exit. Diligent motivated users who install Evolution or hack together a davmail proxy can escape -- but these users are a small minority and ultimately still forced to share their email contents with Microsoft and to feed Microsoft's bottom line.
And what about independence? If the university can't handle being independent from corporations itself aren't students therefore conditioned to lack confidence in overcoming corporate dependency?
When a self-sufficient student or outsider who runs their own residential mail server tries to send an email to an outlook.com/ruc.dk recipient, they are blocked. Microsoft has configured their mail servers to force individuals to be dependent on a corporation for email delivery. RUC has aligned with a corporation who pushes corporate loyalty even beyond the school, dragging outsiders into the Microsoft loyalty program and causing collateral damage to those who don't comply with Microsoft-dictated policy on how email must be transmitted in order for MS to accept it.

Document preparation: Office 365 or Google Docs (LaTeX discouraged)

Students are free to choose their document preparation tool, but professors and supervisors discourage the use of LaTeX. Scientific papers are produced within group projects with supervisors serving as mentors. Some supervisors are reluctant to learn LaTeX or review LaTeX code. Consequently professors urge students to avoid LaTeX to accommodate limitations of supervisors.
RUC equips students with MS Onedrive accounts and one writing tool: MS Word, which is supplied with gratis copies of Office 365. This implies that using MS Word with its co-authoring feature and Onedrive is the only approach on which students can expect official school support. Note that Office 365 is unavailable to Linux users who are therefore limited to the feature-poor in-browser Word app should a Linux user end up in a Microsoft-aligned group.
Some groups opt for LaTeX (vendor-neutral) and use Overleaf (a service of Writelatex Limited) for collaboration, but this choice comes with risk. If just one student in the group opposes the steep learning curve that LaTeX entails, that student likely already has vendor loyalties that they developed in post-secondary school and they will fight hard to avoid the effort of learning something new. RUC basically has the back of students who resist LaTeX, which bends groups in the direction of a corporate solution that builds vendor loyalty.
Google Docs is seemingly the most popular choice. The school discourages use of the most suitable vendor-neutral technology so students gravitate toward Google Docs.
All realtime collaboration options (msword, gdocs, latex) have stumbling blocks and idiosyncrasies. The LaTeX variety of issues lead students to learn something useful about the language or text editor, which furthers their knowledge of technology in a generic way that can be useful in the future. The MS Word and Google Docs varieties of issues lead students to learn about workarounds for specific flaws and limitations of those particular tools. This vendor-specific knowledge is not generally portable to other tools. It's without foundation and does not generally form a basis for building more knowledge. It's knowledge that bonds the user to the tool. The increased efficiency of knowing workarounds for vendor-specific tools serve to heighten vendor loyalty. The user becomes less inclined to migrate to a competing tool later because it entails wasting the knowledge that has no other applicability while inviting new issues to tackle.

Proprietary software labeled as "Free Software" helps propagate brand loyalty

RUC distributes gratis copies of licensed proprietary software under the heading "Free Software". "Free" has two meanings in English: freedom and gratis. The software industry specifically assigns "free software" special meaning: software that gives the user freedom. The software offered by RUC under this heading is quite the opposite of the industry-accepted term. Microsoft Office 365 and Matlab are commercial proprietary binary blobs that deny students the academic freedom of looking at the source code. The distinction between gratis and freedom when discussing software is paramount. RUC's use of the term misinforms the students they are tasked with educating.
Use of the word "free" has a bigger problem: it's one of the most powerful forces in neuromarketing used to manipulate consumers according to Dan Ariely's study published in Predictably Irrational. RUC has refused to correct the heading on their English website from "free software" to "gratis proprietary software". RUC is exploiting the persuasion of the word "free" to maximize the number of students who will install software that will induce brand loyalty.

Research material jailed in corporate walled-gardens of Google and CloudFlare

Library research is sacred and central to academic coursework. One of the primary sources of information available to RUC students is Google Scholar ("GS"). GS is a walled-garden that blocks access to full text if the student is not signed on through the school. RUC recently started blocking Tor. So RUC students who opt to use GS have been forced to give up the only mechanism that protects them from website visitor tracking ("WVT") in this instance. Although a RUC user id has always been potentially disclosed to Google Scholar through the callback authentication mechanism, students could previously use to Tor to avoid exposing their IP address and browser print to Google, which Google can use to cross-reference logged-out searches. Now avoiding that privacy abuse requires abandoning Google Scholar.
With conventional web searches we can easily give up Google because there are good decentralized alternatives like Searx. But Google Scholar has weak competition at RUC and librarians encourage its use. Simply getting the list of database alternatives first requires executing javascript from microsoft.com. Once Microsoft is trusted (not that it should be), a database list is populated and "REX" is available.
REX is rich in search results and makes it viable to avoid Google Scholar. However, REX does not contain the full text of articles and REX does not serve as a proxy either. REX supplies students a link directly to the external resource that has the full text. These external sources are often dominated by privacy abusers, most notably CloudFlare Inc (an adversary of the Tor community). A substantial number of REX-indexed articles are served by Proquest, who currently subjects users to CloudFlare's IP logging in violation of the GDPR.
Privacy is not the focus of this article, but it's related to the loyalty problem. Because CloudFlare is a privacy abuser, ethical informed students may opt to boycott CloudFlare. Students should not be forced to patronize a privacy abuser who surreptitiously collects their IP addresses and who has taken centralized control of over 10% of the web while undermining network neutrality. When Copenhagen Library leads students to a CloudFlare-controlled private walled-garden, it creates a conflict of interest between academic research and the ethical need to boycott bad players.
CloudFlare goes unnoticed to most people and students would not be developing any kind of brand awareness or loyalty to them. However, students need not just to be free from loyalty but also need the freedom to be proactively disloyal. Putting CloudFlare in reckless control of our academic resources is a bad idea. When we encounter CloudFlare in the marketplace as consumers, we can simply vote with our feet and take our business elsewhere. But this academic intrusion is not solved by students voting with their feet because while research potential is lost public money is still going toward the detriment of freedom.
Europe's Plan S initiative will require government-funded research to be made available to the public on the date of publication by the year 2020. However, Copenhagen Library is dependent on publishers who will continue to jail scientific journals in the private corporate walled-garden of CloudFlare Inc.

Copenhagen housing crisis and Facebook's role in it

There is an acute housing shortage in the whole Copenhagen region resulting in apartments with waiting lists as long as five years. There is also a shortage of on-campus university-administered student housing that's so severe that Roskilde University has restricted the units exclusively to exchange students. Permanent full-time students are ineligible for these rooms.
The school provides no service to help the 8000+ permanent students secure a place to stay amid the shortage. Students are given no information about how to directly get in contact with owners of apartments in close proximity to the university. RUC publishes a list of commercial profit-driven brokers who charge students a fee for helping with the hunt for housing or roommates. In some cases the fee is not based on placement so a student could pay fees to simply communicate with a prospective roommate or landlord without actually acquiring housing - which is a very likely scenario.
Students are made dependent on a dozen or so private corporations before school even begins. RUC pays a premium to one of them ("Housinganywhere") to give RUC students VIP treatment (which in this case entails answering e-mail from students), and Housinganywhere falls short of responding to e-mail.
These brokers have no obligation to get a student a booking. Students often arrive homeless or become homeless mid-term. This illustrates the inherent problem of outsourcing to private corporations something as essential as student housing particularly when resources are severely limited.
The brokers' objective is to maximize profit not maximize student placements. One of the brokers charges nothing to the students but designed their website to deny service to students who don't have a CPR number (a number that can only be acquired after establishing a residence), so students entering Denmark for the first time are blocked from using the one broker who charges them nothing.
Another corporate artifact is age discrimination. Some buildings try to cater for students and to keep the rentals marketable to students they impose an age limit. Every "dorm" in close proximity to RUC imposes age restrictions so older RUC students are pushed out of the city to suit corporate policy.
RUC and the housing specialists and brokers RUC endorses have come up short. Enter Facebook. Facebook is the hack by which students find housing. Facebook secures student loyalty in this case not by clever marketing but simply by actually serving as a hack to an otherwise ill-served need.

Facebook invasion into official school communications

Of all the corporations RUC fosters loyalty for, Facebook is the most insidious. Facebook is a cocaine addiction compared to others. Copious articles try to help people break away from Facebook. The stranglehold of Facebook loyalty has driven Cornell University to study it.
Facebook is used to make announcements to RUC students and the internal website is littered with Facebook references. In particular, there are social events that are officially school-sanctioned which appear exclusively on Facebook.
Some might say "fair enough" because social events are non-essential and purely for entertainment. However, RUC has organized all the coursework around group projects. A culture of social bonding is considered important enough to justify having school-sanctioned parties on campus. The organizers have gone as far as to strategically separate student parties and to discourage intermingling across the parties so that students form more bonds with the peers they work with academically. Social bonding is a component of the study program.
Announcing these social events exclusively on Facebook creates an irresistible temptation for non-Facebook users to join. It also destroys any hope of existing FB users who want to break away from Facebook from doing so. Students without Facebook accounts are naturally in the dark. Facebook non-patrons may be able to catch ad-hoc hallway chatter about school events but this is a reckless approach.
When the official class schedule is incorrectly published students who discover the error in advance announce it on Facebook. Facebook then stands as the only source of information for schedule corrections, causing Facebook non-patrons to either miss class or show up for a class that doesn't exist.
Unofficial student-led seminars and workshops are sometimes announced exclusively on Facebook. These workshops are optional but academic nonetheless.
Sometimes information exists on the school website and is duplicated on Facebook. The information becomes very well buried on the poorly organized school website because the maintainers are paying more attention to the Facebook publication that they assume everyone is reading. Specifically the study abroad program has two versions of the document that lists all the foreign schools for which there is an exchange program. One version is obsolete showing schools that no longer participate. Both versions appear in different parts of the website. The schedule of study abroad workshops is so buried that a student relying on the school website is unlikely to know that the workshops even exist. Removing the Facebook distraction would perhaps mitigate the website neglect.
RUC does not instruct students to establish Facebook accounts. There is simply a silent expectation that students have them. Some of the above mentioned problems can come as a surprise because Facebook excludes non-members from even viewing the content, so non-patrons don't even have a way to see what kind of information they are missing. There is an immense undercurrent of pressure for RUC students to become addicted patrons of Facebook's corporate walled-garden.

VPN depends on GSM

RUC's VPN service requires two-factor authentication ("2fa), and the possession factor is met exclusively by SMS messages. There is no opportunity to opt-out of 2fa and no possibility to use an alternate mechanism. Phones and service are also not provided. This forces students into the marketplace to buy phone equipment when most phone vendors have a long history of unethical conduct. Many GSM service providers have the same problem.
If a student can manage to find non-controversial hardware and service they are still subject to needless tracking that's inherent in GSM technology while being pushed into establishing loyalty for the corporation, baited by the lower pricing of phones and plans that are marketed with contracts. A student should be able to reject all GSM hardware and service vendors without being denied access to the RUC's VPN service.

Telegram Messanger

The FabLab uses Telegram Messanger. Offering to collaborate through a service like this is an advancement away from corporate dependency in principle because it enables voice communication without GSM service. However, Telegram is centralized and requires users to disclose their mobile phone numbers (which they may not have) just to register for an account even if it's only going to be used on a desktop. Some Telegram competitors have figured out how to offer gratis account registration without imposing GSM service on the user.

Matlab

The statistics class is structured around MATLABtm, which cannot be installed without registering at Mathworks website (under Dynatrace tracking mechanisms), signing click-through agreements, and disclosing an email address. The email address is later used to promote Mathworks' products and to ask students to help Mathworks with product promotion to others.
Students would normally be charged for a MATLAB license but RUC pays a high premium to ensure students pay nothing. This creates a brand awareness using freemium scenario. Mathworks marketing tries to draw students to more Mathworks products. Students have little choice but to become entrenched in acquiring vendor-specific knowledge on MATLAB to get through the class. This creates a bond and potential to manifest into brand loyalty.

Microblogging centralized on Twitter - loyalty required (new section)

RUC uses Twitter exclusively for microblogging. Without a Twitter account students are only permitted to read RUC's timeline and cannot participate in any discussion.
Students must become loyal to Twitter Inc. if they want to participate in RUC's microblog. Twitter registration requires Tor users to have a phone number and to disclose it. This forces students to either expose their IP address to Twitter for their records or to trust Twitter with their phone number. Both situations compromise anonymity and as a consequence chills speech. Students are also forced to agree to Twitter's one-sided non-negotiable terms before they can communicate with RUC.
Twitter is a private corporation with ultimate authority over which students may talk to their school and what they can say. Twitter has a right to refuse service to anyone for any reason, and they use it. My account was locked because (apparently) using an API over Tor is (falsely) treated as robotic use. So here I am among the public with the need to communicate with my public school, and this private corporation has blocked it.
RUC gives Twitter this power.

Freedom-respecting solutions

If RUC wants to foster independence from sketchy corporations and enable students to boycott unethical players:
RUC needs to replace.. with..
outlook.com mail server in-house mail server, IMAP service (perhaps consult UCLA for guidance)
MS Office 365 shell accounts on vendor-neutral OS, version control, emacs+Rudel, Gobby or the like, LaTeX, LyX, Libreoffice
Google Docs Cryptopad
Telegram Messenger Openfire or Jami
Matlab GNU Octave
Facebook, Twitter Diaspora, Friendica, GNU Social and/or Mastodon (ideally in-house nodes)
Google Scholar PeerJ (cough..and Sci-Hub..cough)
REX references to CloudFlared sites non-CloudFlared sources if they exist, otherwise show an apologetic warning of GDPR breach next to the CF link & state where to complain
microsoft.com javascript that renders db list HTML
SMS 2fa code card
"Free Software" website heading "Gratis Proprietary Software"
(†) actually Copenhagen Library needs to do this, not RUC. (‡) RUC does not push students to use Google Docs; inertia brings students there. RUC should guide students away from that particular privacy-hostile walled-garden.

Call to action (update)

Contact the DPA for Denmark:
Datatilsynet Borgergade 28, 5 Tel. +45 33 1932 00 Fax +45 33 19 32 18 email: [email protected] Website: http://www.datatilsynet.dk/ Member: Ms Cristina Angela GULISANO, Director 
submitted by rucrefugee to opensource [link] [comments]


2018.10.06 13:48 DasLeo_ GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE

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You may convey a covered work in object code form under the terms of sections 4 and 5, provided that you also convey the machine-readable Corresponding Source under the terms of this License, in one of these ways:
a) Convey the object code in, or embodied in, a physical product (including a physical distribution medium), accompanied by the Corresponding Source fixed on a durable physical medium customarily used for software interchange. b) Convey the object code in, or embodied in, a physical product (including a physical distribution medium), accompanied by a written offer, valid for at least three years and valid for as long as you offer spare parts or customer support for that product model, to give anyone who possesses the object code either (1) a copy of the Corresponding Source for all the software in the product that is covered by this License, on a durable physical medium customarily used for software interchange, for a price no more than your reasonable cost of physically performing this conveying of source, or (2) access to copy the Corresponding Source from a network server at no charge. c) Convey individual copies of the object code with a copy of the written offer to provide the Corresponding Source. This alternative is allowed only occasionally and noncommercially, and only if you received the object code with such an offer, in accord with subsection 6b. d) Convey the object code by offering access from a designated place (gratis or for a charge), and offer equivalent access to the Corresponding Source in the same way through the same place at no further charge. You need not require recipients to copy the Corresponding Source along with the object code. If the place to copy the object code is a network server, the Corresponding Source may be on a different server (operated by you or a third party) that supports equivalent copying facilities, provided you maintain clear directions next to the object code saying where to find the Corresponding Source. Regardless of what server hosts the Corresponding Source, you remain obligated to ensure that it is available for as long as needed to satisfy these requirements. e) Convey the object code using peer-to-peer transmission, provided you inform other peers where the object code and Corresponding Source of the work are being offered to the general public at no charge under subsection 6d. 
A separable portion of the object code, whose source code is excluded from the Corresponding Source as a System Library, need not be included in conveying the object code work.
A “User Product” is either (1) a “consumer product”, which means any tangible personal property which is normally used for personal, family, or household purposes, or (2) anything designed or sold for incorporation into a dwelling. In determining whether a product is a consumer product, doubtful cases shall be resolved in favor of coverage. For a particular product received by a particular user, “normally used” refers to a typical or common use of that class of product, regardless of the status of the particular user or of the way in which the particular user actually uses, or expects or is expected to use, the product. A product is a consumer product regardless of whether the product has substantial commercial, industrial or non-consumer uses, unless such uses represent the only significant mode of use of the product.
“Installation Information” for a User Product means any methods, procedures, authorization keys, or other information required to install and execute modified versions of a covered work in that User Product from a modified version of its Corresponding Source. The information must suffice to ensure that the continued functioning of the modified object code is in no case prevented or interfered with solely because modification has been made.
If you convey an object code work under this section in, or with, or specifically for use in, a User Product, and the conveying occurs as part of a transaction in which the right of possession and use of the User Product is transferred to the recipient in perpetuity or for a fixed term (regardless of how the transaction is characterized), the Corresponding Source conveyed under this section must be accompanied by the Installation Information. But this requirement does not apply if neither you nor any third party retains the ability to install modified object code on the User Product (for example, the work has been installed in ROM).
The requirement to provide Installation Information does not include a requirement to continue to provide support service, warranty, or updates for a work that has been modified or installed by the recipient, or for the User Product in which it has been modified or installed. Access to a network may be denied when the modification itself materially and adversely affects the operation of the network or violates the rules and protocols for communication across the network.
Corresponding Source conveyed, and Installation Information provided, in accord with this section must be in a format that is publicly documented (and with an implementation available to the public in source code form), and must require no special password or key for unpacking, reading or copying. 7. Additional Terms.
“Additional permissions” are terms that supplement the terms of this License by making exceptions from one or more of its conditions. Additional permissions that are applicable to the entire Program shall be treated as though they were included in this License, to the extent that they are valid under applicable law. If additional permissions apply only to part of the Program, that part may be used separately under those permissions, but the entire Program remains governed by this License without regard to the additional permissions.
When you convey a copy of a covered work, you may at your option remove any additional permissions from that copy, or from any part of it. (Additional permissions may be written to require their own removal in certain cases when you modify the work.) You may place additional permissions on material, added by you to a covered work, for which you have or can give appropriate copyright permission.
Notwithstanding any other provision of this License, for material you add to a covered work, you may (if authorized by the copyright holders of that material) supplement the terms of this License with terms:
a) Disclaiming warranty or limiting liability differently from the terms of sections 15 and 16 of this License; or b) Requiring preservation of specified reasonable legal notices or author attributions in that material or in the Appropriate Legal Notices displayed by works containing it; or c) Prohibiting misrepresentation of the origin of that material, or requiring that modified versions of such material be marked in reasonable ways as different from the original version; or d) Limiting the use for publicity purposes of names of licensors or authors of the material; or e) Declining to grant rights under trademark law for use of some trade names, trademarks, or service marks; or f) Requiring indemnification of licensors and authors of that material by anyone who conveys the material (or modified versions of it) with contractual assumptions of liability to the recipient, for any liability that these contractual assumptions directly impose on those licensors and authors. 
All other non-permissive additional terms are considered “further restrictions” within the meaning of section 10. If the Program as you received it, or any part of it, contains a notice stating that it is governed by this License along with a term that is a further restriction, you may remove that term. If a license document contains a further restriction but permits relicensing or conveying under this License, you may add to a covered work material governed by the terms of that license document, provided that the further restriction does not survive such relicensing or conveying.
If you add terms to a covered work in accord with this section, you must place, in the relevant source files, a statement of the additional terms that apply to those files, or a notice indicating where to find the applicable terms.
Additional terms, permissive or non-permissive, may be stated in the form of a separately written license, or stated as exceptions; the above requirements apply either way. 8. Termination.
You may not propagate or modify a covered work except as expressly provided under this License. Any attempt otherwise to propagate or modify it is void, and will automatically terminate your rights under this License (including any patent licenses granted under the third paragraph of section 11).
However, if you cease all violation of this License, then your license from a particular copyright holder is reinstated (a) provisionally, unless and until the copyright holder explicitly and finally terminates your license, and (b) permanently, if the copyright holder fails to notify you of the violation by some reasonable means prior to 60 days after the cessation.
Moreover, your license from a particular copyright holder is reinstated permanently if the copyright holder notifies you of the violation by some reasonable means, this is the first time you have received notice of violation of this License (for any work) from that copyright holder, and you cure the violation prior to 30 days after your receipt of the notice.
Termination of your rights under this section does not terminate the licenses of parties who have received copies or rights from you under this License. If your rights have been terminated and not permanently reinstated, you do not qualify to receive new licenses for the same material under section 10. 9. Acceptance Not Required for Having Copies.
You are not required to accept this License in order to receive or run a copy of the Program. Ancillary propagation of a covered work occurring solely as a consequence of using peer-to-peer transmission to receive a copy likewise does not require acceptance. However, nothing other than this License grants you permission to propagate or modify any covered work. These actions infringe copyright if you do not accept this License. Therefore, by modifying or propagating a covered work, you indicate your acceptance of this License to do so. 10. Automatic Licensing of Downstream Recipients.
Each time you convey a covered work, the recipient automatically receives a license from the original licensors, to run, modify and propagate that work, subject to this License. You are not responsible for enforcing compliance by third parties with this License.
An “entity transaction” is a transaction transferring control of an organization, or substantially all assets of one, or subdividing an organization, or merging organizations. If propagation of a covered work results from an entity transaction, each party to that transaction who receives a copy of the work also receives whatever licenses to the work the party's predecessor in interest had or could give under the previous paragraph, plus a right to possession of the Corresponding Source of the work from the predecessor in interest, if the predecessor has it or can get it with reasonable efforts.
You may not impose any further restrictions on the exercise of the rights granted or affirmed under this License. For example, you may not impose a license fee, royalty, or other charge for exercise of rights granted under this License, and you may not initiate litigation (including a cross-claim or counterclaim in a lawsuit) alleging that any patent claim is infringed by making, using, selling, offering for sale, or importing the Program or any portion of it. 11. Patents.
A “contributor” is a copyright holder who authorizes use under this License of the Program or a work on which the Program is based. The work thus licensed is called the contributor's “contributor version”.
A contributor's “essential patent claims” are all patent claims owned or controlled by the contributor, whether already acquired or hereafter acquired, that would be infringed by some manner, permitted by this License, of making, using, or selling its contributor version, but do not include claims that would be infringed only as a consequence of further modification of the contributor version. For purposes of this definition, “control” includes the right to grant patent sublicenses in a manner consistent with the requirements of this License.
Each contributor grants you a non-exclusive, worldwide, royalty-free patent license under the contributor's essential patent claims, to make, use, sell, offer for sale, import and otherwise run, modify and propagate the contents of its contributor version.
In the following three paragraphs, a “patent license” is any express agreement or commitment, however denominated, not to enforce a patent (such as an express permission to practice a patent or covenant not to sue for patent infringement). To “grant” such a patent license to a party means to make such an agreement or commitment not to enforce a patent against the party.
If you convey a covered work, knowingly relying on a patent license, and the Corresponding Source of the work is not available for anyone to copy, free of charge and under the terms of this License, through a publicly available network server or other readily accessible means, then you must either (1) cause the Corresponding Source to be so available, or (2) arrange to deprive yourself of the benefit of the patent license for this particular work, or (3) arrange, in a manner consistent with the requirements of this License, to extend the patent license to downstream recipients. “Knowingly relying” means you have actual knowledge that, but for the patent license, your conveying the covered work in a country, or your recipient's use of the covered work in a country, would infringe one or more identifiable patents in that country that you have reason to believe are valid.
If, pursuant to or in connection with a single transaction or arrangement, you convey, or propagate by procuring conveyance of, a covered work, and grant a patent license to some of the parties receiving the covered work authorizing them to use, propagate, modify or convey a specific copy of the covered work, then the patent license you grant is automatically extended to all recipients of the covered work and works based on it.
A patent license is “discriminatory” if it does not include within the scope of its coverage, prohibits the exercise of, or is conditioned on the non-exercise of one or more of the rights that are specifically granted under this License. You may not convey a covered work if you are a party to an arrangement with a third party that is in the business of distributing software, under which you make payment to the third party based on the extent of your activity of conveying the work, and under which the third party grants, to any of the parties who would receive the covered work from you, a discriminatory patent license (a) in connection with copies of the covered work conveyed by you (or copies made from those copies), or (b) primarily for and in connection with specific products or compilations that contain the covered work, unless you entered into that arrangement, or that patent license was granted, prior to 28 March 2007.
Nothing in this License shall be construed as excluding or limiting any implied license or other defenses to infringement that may otherwise be available to you under applicable patent law. 12. No Surrender of Others' Freedom.
If conditions are imposed on you (whether by court order, agreement or otherwise) that contradict the conditions of this License, they do not excuse you from the conditions of this License. If you cannot convey a covered work so as to satisfy simultaneously your obligations under this License and any other pertinent obligations, then as a consequence you may not convey it at all. For example, if you agree to terms that obligate you to collect a royalty for further conveying from those to whom you convey the Program, the only way you could satisfy both those terms and this License would be to refrain entirely from conveying the Program. 13. Use with the GNU Affero General Public License.
Notwithstanding any other provision of this License, you have permission to link or combine any covered work with a work licensed under version 3 of the GNU Affero General Public License into a single combined work, and to convey the resulting work. The terms of this License will continue to apply to the part which is the covered work, but the special requirements of the GNU Affero General Public License, section 13, concerning interaction through a network will apply to the combination as such. 14. Revised Versions of this License.
The Free Software Foundation may publish revised and/or new versions of the GNU General Public License from time to time. Such new versions will be similar in spirit to the present version, but may differ in detail to address new problems or concerns.
Each version is given a distinguishing version number. If the Program specifies that a certain numbered version of the GNU General Public License “or any later version” applies to it, you have the option of following the terms and conditions either of that numbered version or of any later version published by the Free Software Foundation. If the Program does not specify a version number of the GNU General Public License, you may choose any version ever published by the Free Software Foundation.
If the Program specifies that a proxy can decide which future versions of the GNU General Public License can be used, that proxy's public statement of acceptance of a version permanently authorizes you to choose that version for the Program.
Later license versions may give you additional or different permissions. However, no additional obligations are imposed on any author or copyright holder as a result of your choosing to follow a later version. 15. Disclaimer of Warranty.
THERE IS NO WARRANTY FOR THE PROGRAM, TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW. EXCEPT WHEN OTHERWISE STATED IN WRITING THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND/OR OTHER PARTIES PROVIDE THE PROGRAM “AS IS” WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO THE QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE OF THE PROGRAM IS WITH YOU. SHOULD THE PROGRAM PROVE DEFECTIVE, YOU ASSUME THE COST OF ALL NECESSARY SERVICING, REPAIR OR CORRECTION. 16. Limitation of Liability.
IN NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW OR AGREED TO IN WRITING WILL ANY COPYRIGHT HOLDER, OR ANY OTHER PARTY WHO MODIFIES AND/OR CONVEYS THE PROGRAM AS PERMITTED ABOVE, BE LIABLE TO YOU FOR DAMAGES, INCLUDING ANY GENERAL, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE PROGRAM (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS OF DATA OR DATA BEING RENDERED INACCURATE OR LOSSES SUSTAINED BY YOU OR THIRD PARTIES OR A FAILURE OF THE PROGRAM TO OPERATE WITH ANY OTHER PROGRAMS), EVEN IF SUCH HOLDER OR OTHER PARTY HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. 17. Interpretation of Sections 15 and 16.
If the disclaimer of warranty and limitation of liability provided above cannot be given local legal effect according to their terms, reviewing courts shall apply local law that most closely approximates an absolute waiver of all civil liability in connection with the Program, unless a warranty or assumption of liability accompanies a copy of the Program in return for a fee.
END OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS How to Apply These Terms to Your New Programs
If you develop a new program, and you want it to be of the greatest possible use to the public, the best way to achieve this is to make it free software which everyone can redistribute and change under these terms.
To do so, attach the following notices to the program. It is safest to attach them to the start of each source file to most effectively state the exclusion of warranty; and each file should have at least the “copyright” line and a pointer to where the full notice is found.
 Copyright (C)   This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version. This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details. You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program. If not, see . 
Also add information on how to contact you by electronic and paper mail.
If the program does terminal interaction, make it output a short notice like this when it starts in an interactive mode:
 Copyright (C)   This program comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY; for details type `show w'. This is free software, and you are welcome to redistribute it under certain conditions; type `show c' for details. 
The hypothetical commands show w' andshow c' should show the appropriate parts of the General Public License. Of course, your program's commands might be different; for a GUI interface, you would use an “about box”.
You should also get your employer (if you work as a programmer) or school, if any, to sign a “copyright disclaimer” for the program, if necessary. For more information on this, and how to apply and follow the GNU GPL, see https://www.gnu.org/licenses/.
The GNU General Public License does not permit incorporating your program into proprietary programs. If your program is a subroutine library, you may consider it more useful to permit linking proprietary applications with the library. If this is what you want to do, use the GNU Lesser General Public License instead of this License. But first, please read https://www.gnu.org/licenses/why-not-lgpl.html.
submitted by DasLeo_ to kuechevondasleo [link] [comments]


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2017.12.16 19:11 echoreallyr [LIVE] New Orleans Bowl 2017 Live Stream North Texas vs Troy Football

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2016.10.31 21:34 guineawheek Literally just the full text of the GPLv3

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IN NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW OR AGREED TO IN WRITING WILL ANY COPYRIGHT HOLDER, OR ANY OTHER PARTY WHO MODIFIES AND/OR CONVEYS THE PROGRAM AS PERMITTED ABOVE, BE LIABLE TO YOU FOR DAMAGES, INCLUDING ANY GENERAL, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE PROGRAM (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS OF DATA OR DATA BEING RENDERED INACCURATE OR LOSSES SUSTAINED BY YOU OR THIRD PARTIES OR A FAILURE OF THE PROGRAM TO OPERATE WITH ANY OTHER PROGRAMS), EVEN IF SUCH HOLDER OR OTHER PARTY HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. 17. Interpretation of Sections 15 and 16. If the disclaimer of warranty and limitation of liability provided above cannot be given local legal effect according to their terms, reviewing courts shall apply local law that most closely approximates an absolute waiver of all civil liability in connection with the Program, unless a warranty or assumption of liability accompanies a copy of the Program in return for a fee. END OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS How to Apply These Terms to Your New Programs If you develop a new program, and you want it to be of the greatest possible use to the public, the best way to achieve this is to make it free software which everyone can redistribute and change under these terms. To do so, attach the following notices to the program. It is safest to attach them to the start of each source file to most effectively state the exclusion of warranty; and each file should have at least the "copyright" line and a pointer to where the full notice is found.  Copyright (C)   This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version. This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details. You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program. If not, see . Also add information on how to contact you by electronic and paper mail. If the program does terminal interaction, make it output a short notice like this when it starts in an interactive mode:  Copyright (C)   This program comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY; for details type `show w'. This is free software, and you are welcome to redistribute it under certain conditions; type `show c' for details. The hypothetical commands `show w' and `show c' should show the appropriate parts of the General Public License. Of course, your program's commands might be different; for a GUI interface, you would use an "about box". You should also get your employer (if you work as a programmer) or school, if any, to sign a "copyright disclaimer" for the program, if necessary. For more information on this, and how to apply and follow the GNU GPL, see . The GNU General Public License does not permit incorporating your program into proprietary programs. If your program is a subroutine library, you may consider it more useful to permit linking proprietary applications with the library. If this is what you want to do, use the GNU Lesser General Public License instead of this License. But first, please read . 
submitted by guineawheek to LinuxCirclejerk [link] [comments]


2016.05.02 20:36 JIVEprinting I hereby declare all my submissions and comments in this subreddit licensed under GPL version 3

 GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE Version 3, 29 June 2007 
Copyright (C) 2007 Free Software Foundation, Inc. http://fsf.org/ Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license document, but changing it is not allowed.
 Preamble 
The GNU General Public License is a free, copyleft license for software and other kinds of works.
The licenses for most software and other practical works are designed to take away your freedom to share and change the works. By contrast, the GNU General Public License is intended to guarantee your freedom to share and change all versions of a program--to make sure it remains free software for all its users. We, the Free Software Foundation, use the GNU General Public License for most of our software; it applies also to any other work released this way by its authors. You can apply it to your programs, too.
When we speak of free software, we are referring to freedom, not price. Our General Public Licenses are designed to make sure that you have the freedom to distribute copies of free software (and charge for them if you wish), that you receive source code or can get it if you want it, that you can change the software or use pieces of it in new free programs, and that you know you can do these things.
To protect your rights, we need to prevent others from denying you these rights or asking you to surrender the rights. Therefore, you have certain responsibilities if you distribute copies of the software, or if you modify it: responsibilities to respect the freedom of others.
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The precise terms and conditions for copying, distribution and modification follow.
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THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO THE QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE OF THE PROGRAM IS WITH YOU. SHOULD THE PROGRAM PROVE DEFECTIVE, YOU ASSUME THE COST OF ALL NECESSARY SERVICING, REPAIR OR CORRECTION. Limitation of Liability. IN NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW OR AGREED TO IN WRITING WILL ANY COPYRIGHT HOLDER, OR ANY OTHER PARTY WHO MODIFIES AND/OR CONVEYS THE PROGRAM AS PERMITTED ABOVE, BE LIABLE TO YOU FOR DAMAGES, INCLUDING ANY GENERAL, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE PROGRAM (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS OF DATA OR DATA BEING RENDERED INACCURATE OR LOSSES SUSTAINED BY YOU OR THIRD PARTIES OR A FAILURE OF THE PROGRAM TO OPERATE WITH ANY OTHER PROGRAMS), EVEN IF SUCH HOLDER OR OTHER PARTY HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. Interpretation of Sections 15 and 16. If the disclaimer of warranty and limitation of liability provided above cannot be given local legal effect according to their terms, reviewing courts shall apply local law that most closely approximates an absolute waiver of all civil liability in connection with the Program, unless a warranty or assumption of liability accompanies a copy of the Program in return for a fee. END OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS How to Apply These Terms to Your New Programs If you develop a new program, and you want it to be of the greatest possible use to the public, the best way to achieve this is to make it free software which everyone can redistribute and change under these terms. To do so, attach the following notices to the program. It is safest to attach them to the start of each source file to most effectively state the exclusion of warranty; and each file should have at least the "copyright" line and a pointer to where the full notice is found.  Copyright (C)   This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version. This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details. You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program. If not, see http://www.gnu.org/licenses/. 
Also add information on how to contact you by electronic and paper mail.
If the program does terminal interaction, make it output a short notice like this when it starts in an interactive mode:
Copyright (C) This program comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY; for details type show w'. This is free software, and you are welcome to redistribute it under certain conditions; typeshow c' for details.
The hypothetical commands show w' andshow c' should show the appropriate parts of the General Public License. Of course, your program's commands might be different; for a GUI interface, you would use an "about box".
You should also get your employer (if you work as a programmer) or school, if any, to sign a "copyright disclaimer" for the program, if necessary. For more information on this, and how to apply and follow the GNU GPL, see http://www.gnu.org/licenses/.
The GNU General Public License does not permit incorporating your program into proprietary programs. If your program is a subroutine library, you may consider it more useful to permit linking proprietary applications with the library. If this is what you want to do, use the GNU Lesser General Public License instead of this License. But first, please read http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/why-not-lgpl.html.
submitted by JIVEprinting to mylittlelinux [link] [comments]


2016.04.30 09:45 Roberth1990 I hereby declare all my submissions and comments in this subreddit licensed under GPL version 3

 GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE Version 3, 29 June 2007 
Copyright (C) 2007 Free Software Foundation, Inc. http://fsf.org/ Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license document, but changing it is not allowed.
 Preamble 
The GNU General Public License is a free, copyleft license for software and other kinds of works.
The licenses for most software and other practical works are designed to take away your freedom to share and change the works. By contrast, the GNU General Public License is intended to guarantee your freedom to share and change all versions of a program--to make sure it remains free software for all its users. We, the Free Software Foundation, use the GNU General Public License for most of our software; it applies also to any other work released this way by its authors. You can apply it to your programs, too.
When we speak of free software, we are referring to freedom, not price. Our General Public Licenses are designed to make sure that you have the freedom to distribute copies of free software (and charge for them if you wish), that you receive source code or can get it if you want it, that you can change the software or use pieces of it in new free programs, and that you know you can do these things.
To protect your rights, we need to prevent others from denying you these rights or asking you to surrender the rights. Therefore, you have certain responsibilities if you distribute copies of the software, or if you modify it: responsibilities to respect the freedom of others.
For example, if you distribute copies of such a program, whether gratis or for a fee, you must pass on to the recipients the same freedoms that you received. You must make sure that they, too, receive or can get the source code. And you must show them these terms so they know their rights.
Developers that use the GNU GPL protect your rights with two steps: (1) assert copyright on the software, and (2) offer you this License giving you legal permission to copy, distribute and/or modify it.
For the developers' and authors' protection, the GPL clearly explains that there is no warranty for this free software. For both users' and authors' sake, the GPL requires that modified versions be marked as changed, so that their problems will not be attributed erroneously to authors of previous versions.
Some devices are designed to deny users access to install or run modified versions of the software inside them, although the manufacturer can do so. This is fundamentally incompatible with the aim of protecting users' freedom to change the software. The systematic pattern of such abuse occurs in the area of products for individuals to use, which is precisely where it is most unacceptable. Therefore, we have designed this version of the GPL to prohibit the practice for those products. If such problems arise substantially in other domains, we stand ready to extend this provision to those domains in future versions of the GPL, as needed to protect the freedom of users.
Finally, every program is threatened constantly by software patents. States should not allow patents to restrict development and use of software on general-purpose computers, but in those that do, we wish to avoid the special danger that patents applied to a free program could make it effectively proprietary. To prevent this, the GPL assures that patents cannot be used to render the program non-free.
The precise terms and conditions for copying, distribution and modification follow.
 TERMS AND CONDITIONS 
  1. Definitions.
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  8. Additional Terms.
    "Additional permissions" are terms that supplement the terms of this License by making exceptions from one or more of its conditions. Additional permissions that are applicable to the entire Program shall be treated as though they were included in this License, to the extent that they are valid under applicable law. If additional permissions apply only to part of the Program, that part may be used separately under those permissions, but the entire Program remains governed by this License without regard to the additional permissions.
    When you convey a copy of a covered work, you may at your option remove any additional permissions from that copy, or from any part of it. (Additional permissions may be written to require their own removal in certain cases when you modify the work.) You may place additional permissions on material, added by you to a covered work, for which you have or can give appropriate copyright permission.
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    You may not propagate or modify a covered work except as expressly provided under this License. Any attempt otherwise to propagate or modify it is void, and will automatically terminate your rights under this License (including any patent licenses granted under the third paragraph of section 11).
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  14. Use with the GNU Affero General Public License.
    Notwithstanding any other provision of this License, you have permission to link or combine any covered work with a work licensed under version 3 of the GNU Affero General Public License into a single combined work, and to convey the resulting work. The terms of this License will continue to apply to the part which is the covered work, but the special requirements of the GNU Affero General Public License, section 13, concerning interaction through a network will apply to the combination as such.
  15. Revised Versions of this License.
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    THERE IS NO WARRANTY FOR THE PROGRAM, TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW. EXCEPT WHEN OTHERWISE STATED IN WRITING THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND/OR OTHER PARTIES PROVIDE THE PROGRAM "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO THE QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE OF THE PROGRAM IS WITH YOU. SHOULD THE PROGRAM PROVE DEFECTIVE, YOU ASSUME THE COST OF ALL NECESSARY SERVICING, REPAIR OR CORRECTION.
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  18. Interpretation of Sections 15 and 16.
    If the disclaimer of warranty and limitation of liability provided above cannot be given local legal effect according to their terms, reviewing courts shall apply local law that most closely approximates an absolute waiver of all civil liability in connection with the Program, unless a warranty or assumption of liability accompanies a copy of the Program in return for a fee.
     END OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS How to Apply These Terms to Your New Programs 
    If you develop a new program, and you want it to be of the greatest possible use to the public, the best way to achieve this is to make it free software which everyone can redistribute and change under these terms.
    To do so, attach the following notices to the program. It is safest to attach them to the start of each source file to most effectively state the exclusion of warranty; and each file should have at least the "copyright" line and a pointer to where the full notice is found.
    Copyright (C)
    This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
    This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.
    You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program. If not, see http://www.gnu.org/licenses/.
Also add information on how to contact you by electronic and paper mail.
If the program does terminal interaction, make it output a short notice like this when it starts in an interactive mode:
 Copyright (C)   This program comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY; for details type `show w'. This is free software, and you are welcome to redistribute it under certain conditions; type `show c' for details. 
The hypothetical commands show w' andshow c' should show the appropriate parts of the General Public License. Of course, your program's commands might be different; for a GUI interface, you would use an "about box".
You should also get your employer (if you work as a programmer) or school, if any, to sign a "copyright disclaimer" for the program, if necessary. For more information on this, and how to apply and follow the GNU GPL, see http://www.gnu.org/licenses/.
The GNU General Public License does not permit incorporating your program into proprietary programs. If your program is a subroutine library, you may consider it more useful to permit linking proprietary applications with the library. If this is what you want to do, use the GNU Lesser General Public License instead of this License. But first, please read http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/why-not-lgpl.html.
submitted by Roberth1990 to LinuxCirclejerk [link] [comments]


2016.01.14 23:11 NoBankForYou Lost job and career with no warning, now need to get seriously /r/Frugal!

Hello, /Frugal, first-time post, on a throwaway account (because Reasons). My story:
A week before Christmas 2015, the very day I came back from a one (1) week vacation, I had my morning 1:1 with my direct manager at $LARGEBANK. He told me that after eight (8) years there, they were letting me go with notice that day, and final termination day three (3) days after Christmas. He cited "Location" as the reason, because after working remotely for those 8 years under $LARGEBANK's remote teleworker program, I was now "too far away". He clarified that he didn't really want to let me go as I was one of the most-valuable on the team, and that the decision was not Performance related nor Personal. There were no negative or even neutral performance reviews leading up to this decision.
He said I could seek other employment laterally within $LARGEBANK using their internal job posting system, but within an hour, all of my access was taken away so that wasn't an option, nor could I use the internal Financial Advisor services that we were given gratis as employees.
So now I'm reeling, trying to pull my financial life together, as a recently-ejected middle-aged, single father of one (1) back on the unemployment line, a foreign place.
I just bought my very first house in September of 2014 (ironically a loan held by my now-former employer).
They offered me a very small severance, with the written condition that I do not sue them. If I choose to take the severance, I have to sign off on the paperwork that I will not litigate for my abrupt, unexpected departure from their employment.
So where do I start squeezing pennies together to make it through to the next job?
I'm expecting to be out of work for 1+ years, probably lose the house and take a roughly 75% pay cut, given today's dismal employment market, so I'm looking at all of my 'luxury' items in the house as potential candidates to sell off and stay afloat.
My biggest concerns:
  1. Meal planning. No more going out to lunch or dinner, period. I have to shop in bulk (BJs) and cook carefully. I am not a chef by any stretch, so I have to learn to make good use of my supplies and crock pot.
  2. Mortgage/bills/living expenses: I've already started cutting back on the online services I use, such as Evernote Premium, Dropbox, Netflix, my ISP bandwidth, stretching out heating oil usage with more blankets and sweaters, and more.
  3. Health Insurance for Self + Child: My previous, employer-sponsored health insurance plan cost me $8,500/year out of my weekly payroll, and I can certainly not afford that now. I had pretty basic coverage + dental for my child. Do I have to go onto the "Government" plan? Husky? Cobra? Risk it and go without for awhile?
Coupons are next-to-impossible here, since none of the papers or circulars provide them and when you ask for bulk copies of unsold newspapers from the local markets, stores and supermarkets they tell you they can't give nor sell (??) them to you after they've passed their delivery date (sell you unsold Sunday papers on Monday morning for example).
I called the brokerage holding 401k, investment, retirement fund and stocks and they basically said it would be financial suicide for me to think about cashing those out to survive, since there's a roughly 50% charge right off the top (20% penalty + additional 20% in taxes/fees + $25.00 for my 401k for example).
I have some money saved/deposited into an HSA and additional unspent funds in an HRA, which I can't take back out as cash, without another 40% penalty right off the top. They agreed to send me a 'debit card' for each HSA and HRA so I could use those to spend directly on medical bills, medicines, prescriptions and other qualified items. That might help in a pinch.
What else can I start looking into? I've never been in a position to not have a job, as my previous employment history has always been a series of upgrades to better jobs. I've never, ever been llet go before in my 45+ years of working. This is new to me, and I'm slightly terrified that I'll go from "comfortable" to "homeless" in under a year.
Help! (and thanks in advance!)
submitted by NoBankForYou to Frugal [link] [comments]


2015.01.29 19:26 tabledresser [Table] IAmA: We are iFixit and EFF and it's time to fix the DMCA. Let's take back our right to bypass DRM and unlock our phones. AMA

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Date: 2015-01-29
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If you were forced, by a sealed court order from a secret court, let's say, to choose one action that your average consumer could take each day to help eradicate DRM and the DMCA's overbearing rules over said consumer's legally purchased property, what action would you have said consumer do? I would start every day with a steaming cup of non-Keurig coffee in a hacked Keurig 2.0. If my hypothetical consumer happened to be a coder, I'd donate a bit of time to help out some awesome open source apps like RomRaider (an incredible open source engine modding / repair tool).
What freedoms from copyright do you fight for? It would be unrealistic to have all created content copyright free wouldn't it? IFixit is an open source community. And we very much believe in open source principles. That said, copyright has a place—and supporting DMCA reform doesn't mean that we're advocating for an overthrow of copyright altogether. Specifically, there's a section of the DMCA (Section 1201) that makes it illegal to circumvent a digital lock over the top of copyrighted content. 1201 doesn't take intention into account. So, a consumer hacking their own car, or jailbreaking their own console, or unlocking their own tablet, or hacking their own calculator (not to pirate content, but just to tinker) could run afoul of copyright law.
That's what we are trying to change. Here's a specific list of the freedoms we are seeking from the Copyright Office right now. And we will continue to support wider DMCA reform in Washington.
It's triple jeopardy.
It should be legal to make tools to bypass DRM. (It's not.)
It should be legal to use those tools to access content or hardware that you own. (It's not.)
It should not legal to steal or distribute that content.
1201 makes the first two illegal, which is unnecessary since #3 has always been illegal.
I fix iPhones for a living, started about 3 years ago after discovering ifixit. Thanks! So my question is.. How will these new policies effect iPhone and mobile repair? PS: are you guys hiring? :) I have concerns about the future of mobile repair.
Anytime you fix something, you're playing on someone else's turf. Manufacturers create these devices and have a huge number of tools at their disposal to prevent repair.
Some of them are practical: proprietary screws, glued together designs, difficult to open cases, and hard to source parts.
Some of them are legal: trademarks on critical components, restrictions in the app store (Apple won't approve apps that report battery or hardware state), secret diagnostic codes, unavailable service manuals, and all the DMCA concerns that we're raising here.
IFixit's mission is to teach everyone to fix everything. We've spent the last decade systematically eroding barriers to repair. If manuals aren't available, we write a new one. If parts aren't available, we make them or part out existing products. If people are having trouble starting repair businesses, we share resources to make it easier. Now, repair faces legal threats. So we're laser-focused on removing them.
We'll continue to fight for the future of repair as loudly as we can, for as long as we have the breath to do so.
I'm involved in the Commercial Truck world, and this locking of ECMs/ECU's is crazy. Say I own a couple trucks. I want to limit the speed to a max of 75 MPH, and also have it so the headlights come on when the wipers do. I have no way to do this on my own. I have to beg a dealer to sell me the software (Costing $600 & up PER ECU/ECM per year) or go to my local dealership and have them charge me a couple hundred bucks to do it. It takes them literally 5 minutes to change a parameter. I hope that some day they follow what is going on in the auto world, but it is light years away I'm afraid. Have commercial trucks ever come up in your conversations? Diesel trucks come up a lot on our conversations. We will submit testimony from a independent Diesel mechanic talking about exactly the issue that you bring up.
What we need is open source software like RomRaider and OpenECU for all the major diesel engines. That could happen, but programmers like me are afraid of writing it because of the legal risk.
If we get the DMCA exemption for repairing cars, I think we'll see a lot more innovation in this space.
I'll give you a practical example. Detroit Diesel has an option in their software to change the temperature that the radiator fan kicks on at. I'm pretty sure that Cummins' software doesn't have that setting — maybe they only want their dealers to be able to do it, or maybe they just never got around to adding that feature.
So if you have a repair that requires changing that setting, the only way you could do it is to pull the firmware off the ECU, decompile it, change that value, and reflash the ECU. It's technically possible (maybe a bit difficult, but hey—we're smart folks!), but legally very sketchy. Thank you, DMCA.
Once this is legal, all it takes is one person to figure out how to do it, post it online, and then the rest of us benefit.
Hi there, currently starting my iFixit project in class so this is exciting to see! I was wondering what you do with the products that we return after making guides for them. We received a junker of a laptop and I was just wondering what potential use it had to you after our replacement parts/repair guide was complete. I imagine you have tons of damaged products you send out and get returned every year, so what are you doing with it in your attempts to curb e-waste? The junker laptop that you received was already on its way to an electronics recycling facility. We pulled it out from the heap and sent it off to you. Once you make the guide for it, that guide lives on forever.
It shows other people who have that same laptop how to repair their stuff. That guide will keep more laptops out of the waste stream. After you send it back to us, we use those devices to host repair clinics and repair events. Tons of kids will learn how to repair on those devices. Once the device has suffered critical damage and can no longer hold up to students, it gets sent off to be recycled.
We're catching up on a backlog of hardware that manufacturers have set loose on the market without appropriate repair documentation. Everyone has a right to a repair manual for everything they own, and the big manufacturers are letting us down.
I've been really surprised at how popular some of our really old repair manuals are. The manual for the Atari 2600 Link to www.ifixit.com gets used to fix about one console a week. Which is pretty dang good considering it's 38 years old!
What is your opinion on manufacturers using security screws? Does this have an impact on users' right to modify their products? I think it's bullshit. You'll notice that they only use security screws on the outside, and go back to regular screws once you're in the device.
There is a difference between software and hardware in most people's minds. I think most people take it as fact that closed source, compiled software is not owned in that its innards cannot be exposed. But in the case of hardware most people believe they own its components, not just the whole working device. I am just posing a philosophical question here. Do you believe that hardware is fundamentally different from software? And that our rights with regard to it should be different? Increasingly, the lines between hardware and software are blurred. Here's my perspective: If something can have a computer in it, eventually it will have a computer in it. As the Internet of Things becomes more prevalent, the line between software and hardware will disappear altogether. That introduces some really complicated tensions. For example, I have a farmer friend who is trying to do some DIY repair on his tractor. He owns the tangible parts of the tractor—the wheels, the chassis, the engine itself. But John Deere owns the programming that makes the engine run, they own the software the calibrates the engine, and they can put an encryption over his ECU designed to keep him out. So, who really owns that tractor? It's a gray zone. And right now that gray zone is stopping my farmer friend from fixing the tractor on his own. Call me old fashioned, but I think that if you bought something, you own it. Hardware. Software. All of it. And you have the right to modify, tweak, hack, and repair the things that you own.
Side question. How is dozuki coming along??! Dozuki is going really well! Thanks for asking. (Dozuki is the version of iFixit's software that we provide to companies for $ and open source projects for gratis.)
We have quite a few active and successful communities using Dozuki to support their open source projects. Some of our most popular public Dozuki sites include Printrbot, Open Source Ecology, Open ROV, and Hexbright.
Just like Github, Dozuki is free for open source projects. Feel free to use it if you are looking to create documentation for your own project!
What's the actual impact of a law making it illegal to hack your car's computer, or bypass restrictions on a coffee maker, or whatever? Would penalties be directed more at the consumer who was "breaking the law" or the parties providing the information or tools to the consumer? The actual implication is that manufacturers use the threat of legal action under the DMCA to stifle competition. That's what happened to our good friend Sina Khanifar when he developed a cell phone unlocking tool. Most of the time, the developers and consumers who get hit with legal threats simply bow down to the pressure. They pull their apps and take down their websites—because it's hard to fight Big Copyright and their relentless cadre of lawyers. Sina teamed up with the EFF and fought back. And now we have a Cellphone Unlocking Law because of it.
It also stifles toolmaking. Developers are afraid to tinker with hardware, and security researchers are afraid to do their work. This has chilling effects on the entire ecosystem, harming consumer choice and increasing our risk of undetected security vulnerabilities.
How long does it take and how much does it cost for you guys at iFixit to do a successful teardown on new devices? (Min/Max/Avg) Usually there's three or four of us working on it. 6-14 hours each, in parallel. Frequently we're doing it in the middle of the night our time.
When we fly to Australia to get a new iPhone, it's around $1800x2 for flights, a couple nights in a hotel, $1000x2 for the phone (we buy a backup that we often return), and $25 for beers afterwards.
But it's worth it to know what's inside! Because dammit, we're curious.
Once we're done with the teardown, we use the same phones to write a comprehensive repair manual for it. That takes a lot longer than the teardown, and is a much more useful long term resource.
Last updated: 2015-02-02 17:57 UTC
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2012.10.10 12:51 tabledresser [Table] I am a tattoo artist. Ask me anything.

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Date: 2012-10-09
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If someone brings in incorrectly spelled script they want for a tattoo, do you correct them? Of course. I triple check all text I do, just to make sure everything is spelled correctly. I also have all of my clients sign a consent form. Those who get lettering have to sign indicating that the text is spelled how they want it.
Guy comes into your shop. He's obviously drunk, not plastered, but getting there. You certainly wouldn't let him drive. He tells you he's leaving town first thing tomorrow, never coming back. He says he wants a tattoo, and then, lays out the most mindblowingly awesome tattoo ever. It feels like walking out into daylight after being in a room with a single incandescent bulb for your entire life, that's how this tattoo feels compared to your previous work. What's more, it's entirely within your skill level to do. Do you do the tattoo, or do you let this once-in-a-lifetime opportunity slip through your fingers? It would be pointless. Alcohol thins your blood. He would just bleed all of the ink out and the tattoo would look like shit. Plus, it's illegal in the state of Maine to tattoo someone who's intoxicated.
What conditions could one change to actually turn this into the Tattoo Artist's Dilemma? Take the alcohol out of the equation.
But then the guy is no longer impaired, and it's no longer a dilemma. My goal was to create a scenario where the desire for artistic development was pitted against the knowledge that this guy was impaired, and thus, it might not be moral to permanently modify his body. Same scenario, but with a pregnant woman instead of a drunk. Bam.
Ah, fantastic. So, in that case, WHAT DO? I wouldn't do it. If she wanted the tattoo bad enough, she would come back after she has her baby.
What was the most profound, thought-provoking tattoo you've seen? Hmm... good question. I saw a girl once who has a dildo tattooed on her leg, in plain sight. Not something you would want to take home to show your parents.
What do you think of people who run tattoo businesses out of their homes with no license? Seems like a lot of people try to pick this p as a hobby. They don't know what they're doing. The majority of them haven't had the proper training, and they're probably not using sterile equipment. All they're doing is giving out shitty tattoos with a side of hepatitis. In most states it's illegal, punishable by a hefty fine and up to 6 months in jail.
Have you ever had to talk someone out of getting a tattoo because it was just a really horrible idea? All the time. A lot of people think tattoo artists are miracle workers. We're not. Not every image will translate well into a tattoo.
I'm not even a tattoo artist and I wish more people knew this. My best tattoos came from me going in with certain ideas but always being open to what the tattoo artist would want to change to the tattoo. I'm glad you understand. It's our job to give you the best tattoo possible, which sometimes means we have to tweak what you bring in.
How long have you been a tattoo artist? What got you interested in that field? Can we see a few pictures of your work? I've been tattooing for almost 4 years (not very long compared to most people in the industry). I've just always been interested in tattoos. You can check out my work at www.facebook.com/precisiontattoostudio under the "Jesse" folder.
Other than to obvious genital area, where does it hurt the most to get a tattoo? Hurt the least? Some of the most painful spots to get tattooed are feet, hands, head, and sternum. Arms and legs are usually spots that I suggest to people getting their first tattoos, as those areas tend to hurt the least. But that's just my opinion.. everyone is different.
My first were on my feet. Ouch. Ouch indeed.
My wrists were unbearable. Felt like burning knives cutting into my skin. Thankfully both wrists are now done and I will never have to relive that torture! I sat through a 10 hour session and would do it over again before touching my wrists. Ouch.
Have you done any penis tattoos? No. Although if you'd like one, it's $100 an inch. I could probably do your whole penis for $4, with the tip. You figure out which tip I'm talking about.
How do you respond when someone wants a tat on their ass, boob, or...penis? Have you ever had a guy want a penis tattoo? I don't do genital tattoos, period. If someone wants a tattoo on their ass or chest, that's fine. It's more awkward for them than it is for me.
Why won't you do genitals? I prefer not to. I've only been asked once since I started tattooing.
Have you ever had to stop a session because the client was squirming or they simply couldn't take the pain? Many times.
What was the most time-consuming tattoo you ever made? For how long? It depends. I've spent days (literally) working on sleeves or back pieces.. but in multiple sessions. The longest I've tattooed continuously was 12 hours.
How do you stay focused for 12 hours? I mean it seems to be a careful art as it is, but I couldn't really focus and do anything well for 12 hours. Not everyone can do it. It takes a lot of patience to be a tattoo artist.
I'll be getting a tattoo within the next month or so and everyone I talk to seems to recommend their tattoo artist. Is there a hierarchy among artists? How can I tell if one is better than the other? Should I be looking at experience? Experience has nothing to do with it. I know people who have been tattooing for decades who still do terrible work. Look at different artist's portfolios. Decide which style suits what you want best, and choose that one.
Have you ever seen a tattoo artist without tattoos? I haven't. That would be weird. I doubt anyone would be able to get an apprenticeship without having at least 1 tattoo. I had to tattoo myself before I was allowed to tattoo anyone else.
I've seen people with full body parts covered in black ink. How is that possible? I have a tattoo of Saturn on my left forearm, and it was nearly impossible to not break the scabs. If your whole chest is tattooed, how do do you keep from breaking the scabs? There are so many reasons that could happen. Your artist could be overworking your skin, you could be healing it wrong, using the wrong soap, etc. Are you going to a legitimate artist?
This was about 10 years ago. I got it at a shop in Pasadena (that is not in business anymore). If I remember correctly, he told me to use unscented hand soap and lotion, but it still scabbed up pretty thick. When I turned my wrist, like to type, the scabs would crack and pull up the ink. I thought this was normal? It's not normal, but it happens sometimes. There are so many reasons why it could have... your artist could have overworked your skin, you may not have been taking care of it properly, poor imune system, pets..
Ah, got it. So a guy who gets his shoulders all blacked out doesn't have to deal with what I had to deal with. If he goes to someone who knows that they're doing, and takes care of it properly.. then no.
I have always been afraid to ask this question because I am sure the answer is obvious to any Tattoo Artist. Are there any types of tattoos that aren't permanent? Ones that will fade completely in ten years or less? You can use a sharpie. Or get henna. Other than that, no.
Have you ever had a client back out right before you were going to tattoo them? Also, how many drunk people come into your shop, and what is the most common tattoo that they ask for? I have. I've also done 1 line on someone, and she couldn't take it and left. Drunk people are common late at night. They usually want stupid, drunk people stuff.
Im a fainter, I warned the lady that was doing my very first tattoo of this before hand. Sure enough a few mins in a passed out then 2 maybe 3 more ties after. She was extremely rude and impatient with me. How do you handle that sort of situation? If you pass out, I'll make you come back another time. She shouldn't have been rude to you.. it's not like you could help it.
I see you have blacklight ink. All the places near me dont have any, is that a cost thing or is it not allowed in some places? Or coincidence? Also, I've heard blacklight ink is still visible in the normal light, and it can cause cancer. Any truth? It does cost more than regular ink. Some artists don't like it, so they don't buy it. I bought it to try it out and ended up hating it. Anyone can have a reaction to ink.. not just UV ink.
Did someone even try to pay in other ways than money? and yes I also mean in sexual favors too I've done trades for artwork, carpentry, and other services. Not sexual though.
What's the most common design or quote that people ask for? Are they any tattoos that you just hate to do? A lot of people want religious quotes. I don't hate tattooing anything. I'd rather be tattooing than not.
Never had an ID that turned out to be fake? Nope.
I really like white ink tattoos. I've talked to a few artists, and they've all told me that I need to be really careful where I get a white ink tattoo, as they can sometimes end up just looking like scars (i.e. one on the wrist just kind of looks like self-harm scars). Where are some other "not good" places to get a white ink tattoo, and is getting one different than getting a regular tattoo? I went to get a tattoo on my back covered, and the tattoo artist just wanted to slap another design over it. The tattoo I have is black and fairly dark. Won't it show through if I just get something else tatted on top? I don't really suggest getting white ink tattoos. They do look more like scars or burns when they heal. Blood mixes with the pigment while your getting tattooed, so white ink almost always turns pink if it's used too much. It doesn't matter where you get a white tattoo, the outcome is usually the same. Cover ups are difficult. You need to be 100% positive that your artist can cover it. The pigment in your existing tattoo will always be there, unless you get laser treatment. You can't put a lighter color over a darker color. The dark pigment will ALWAYS be there. If it's a small tattoo, your tattoo artist might be able to get away with slapping another design over it. But in most cases, your artist will have to take a tracing of your tattoo, and draw over it to incorporate your existing tattoo into a completely new design. Hope this helps.
Whenever I get scratches on my body of any size, i welt up. A LOT. How would this affect getting a tattoo? It would definitely affect getting a tattoo. Ask your doctor about it. If he says it's okay, have your tattoo artist do a dry line on you before he starts the actual tattoo. That will give him an idea as to how your skin will react.
If i asked you to sign my tattoo, would you? Sure, but only if you ask. I've heard of a lot of artists putting a signature on a tattoo without their client's consent. Not cool.
A guy around here works little cocks into all his designs. That's unfortunate.
Can you elaborate on this? I have a tattoo and, given that it's text, would be absolutely pissed. Exactly. Real artists know better. If you go into an actual tattoo shop and get a professional tattoo, you won't leave with something you didn't want. It's the people tattooing out of their houses who think it's cool to put their signature on all of their tattoos. It's not.
On that note, how do you feel about signing? I got my 2nd piece signed, as it was above and beyond expectation - the artist put in another 4 hours work or so gratis as details and concepts kept evolving. He seemed surprised and flattered, so I'm not sure how common the practice is. It's not very common. I've only done it once.
Would you do a tattoo on someone underage(like 15-17) with parents permission? Some tattoo places do this, but some don't do it and say it is illegal. It's different from state to state. It's illegal in Maine to tattoo anyone under the age of 18. So no, I wouldn't.
How long does it take for a new tattoo to stop being tender? I got one done this past saturday and it still hurts like hell. It depends on the tattoo/person. A fresh tattoo will take about 2-3 weeks to heal. Tattoos with a lot of color saturation will tend to be more tender than a tattoo with less saturation, simply because the skin has been damaged more.
Its all black. Just lettering. It wraps around my outer thigh. I'd call my artist, but I'd feel like an idiot asking because it is not my first tatt. I just don't remember the healing being sooo painful on my first. Although it was 7 years ago. It's normal for it to be tender. Just take care of it.
How much more difficult is it to tattoo a person with psoriasis? It's not difficult to tattoo them. It's more difficult for them to heal their tattoo. It takes much longer than normal.
I'm a black guy with a tat on my arm (a cross). The artist who did it was sort of implying that darker skin makes it harder for him. My skin is really dark. Is this true or was he being all semi-racist? Then again he said he didn't work on many darker skinned folks. It is harder to see what you're doing, and the colors obviously won't be as bright. I don't think he was being racist.
Ok cool. any crosses that you like to draw that you could link? Thinking of getting another one. I'd suggest doing some research. Find a few crosses you like, bring them in to an artist, and have them draw something up for you.
Thoughts on the show Ink Masters? I've talked to a few artists who have done those shows. They obviously add drama to make more people watch it. I wish it would be more focused on tattooing rather than fake arguments.
What's the most detailed, longest taking tattoo you've ever done? I did a full body portrait of Dimebag Darrell as a half sleeve. It took 12 hours.
Checked out your work; very clean, like it! Do you have lots of tattoos yourself? And are you picky about who you let do them, or are you one of those artists that covered in all kinds of work from everywhich person? Thanks! I do have quite a few tattoo. I'm not really picky about who does them.. as long as they do good work. Most of my tattoos were done by people I've worked with, and met through tattooing.
How hard is it to give a quote based on size, style, picture and location of tattoo? I've asked several artists in my area through their websites and never get a response, despite trying to give then all the info I think would be useful? Am I just a putz or is there other information I left out? It's not hard to give an estimate, however most artists would prefer to redraw whatever you bring in, so they're not just stamping you with an image from google. The best thing to do would be to actually go in the shop. That way the artist can get a better idea of what you're looking for, and give you a quote in person rather than online.
Is it customary to ask to be paid/offer to pay a nominal amount for the time redrawing it for a quote? Thank you for your perspective. I usually make my client's put down a deposit that covers the drawing. If they like the drawing and decide to get it tattooed, the deposit will count towards the cost of their tattoo.
For the backlight tattoos (such as the hand in your portfolio) can you see the ink as you are tattooing? How do you know where you are if you can't see the ink? I did that tattoo with all of the lights off, with a blacklight above his hand. I don't suggest getting them.. you don't really see them unless a blacklight is directly on the area you're tattooed.
Me and a couple of friends are looking to start our own tattoo shop. Any suggestions on how to get going or how to even get into the tattooing business? Learn how to tattoo the right way. Get an apprenticeship. Work at a shop for a few years before even thinking about opening your own shop.
Okay, cool. This isnt something i really want to rush into. Is the pay good as a tattoo artist? Can you live off it? It depends on where you live. Tattooers don't make millions like everyone thinks. We barely get by.
I have recently come into possession of a mid century dentists chair and I was considering trading it to a artist for some sleeves. Would this sound like a worthwhile trade? To me, no. Sleeves are very expensive and take a lot of hard work to complete. But who knows, ask around.
Would you rather fight 100 duck-sized horses or 1 horse-sized duck? Probably 100 duck-sized horses. I'd just kick them all.
I want to get a tattoo on the arch on the bottom of my foot. Is that a terrible place to get a tattoo?I do have very high arches that I don't walk. It's really not a good spot to get a tattoo at all. Aside from the pain factor, the skin on the bottom of your feet tends to regenerate faster than other areas. This makes it very hard for the tattoo to heal properly. Whatever you decide to get will look fine after it's first done, but 95% of the time it will just fall out and you'll be left with a few lines here and there.
You are asking if he gets sexual gratification from tattooing? If so... the answer is no.
What do you think about dark skin people having black ink tattoos? You can barely see them. Do you feel uncomfortable when a woman wants a tattoo in a boob? Or a guy in a buttcheek? Do you do penis tattos? UV tattoos are bad ideas, period. - No. - No.
What's your discussion like with a client? Do you do sketches of their design with some of your creative ideas before finalizing? Clients usually put down a small deposit which covers the drawing. We go over their ideas, I draw something up. When they come in for their appointment, if they like it.. I'll tattoo it. If not, small changes can be made.
Are you into other forms of expressing your creativity? Digital design, music, etc.? Yes. I paint, draw, play music, and I'm into graphic design.
Okay so I have a scar on the top of my foot from a skateboard injury. Do girls only get tattoos on their foot? I want to cover it up. I'm a guy. There is no spot that only males or females are allowed to get tattooed. If you want a tattoo on your foot, get one.
You'd tip a waiter for bringing you a plate of food and some drinks, but not someone who's spending hours putting something permanent on you? Don't you set your own prices though? Waiters don't get to determine how much you pay in advance, tattoo artists do. True. I don't expect tips. If I do get one, it's above and beyond what I asked for for the tattoo.
Has there ever been a tattoo that you refused to do? (besides swastikas) Yes. I've had a few people want their first tattoo on their neck or hand.
How do you feel about people getting tattoos with Japanese/Chinese writing? Do you fulfill such requests? If so, do you worry you might mess it up and not even know it (assuming you don't know the language)? To each their own. I don't know the language, so my clients have to sign off saying that they approve of the design.
I'm an artist. Been drawing my whole life. I've contacted two shops locally about becoming an apprentice -- they each quoted me $15,000-$20,000 + equipment + all of my license fees. The first shop had artists with really cruddy line work, and they wanted the most. My question is -- is this the normal rate? Am I expected to have to take out a loan to learn how to tattoo? And worse, if I find a shop that does awesome work will it cost more? Thanks! You shouldn't have to pay ANYTHING. You will work for them for free. That is your pay. Anyone trying to charge you just wants your money.
You are not suppose to bleed when getting a tattoo and do you and do you also do peircing?? I wanna get my ear periced but don't know of I should get 2 or 1. Yes, my shop does piercings. Bleeding is normal while getting a tattoo.
Do you bust a nut knowing you got to scribble all over someones body permanently? Not really. It's their choice.
Would you ever tattoo someone while they were passed out drunk? No.
Any tips for a person whos is thinking about getting his very first tattoo? what to ask for? what to look for in a tattoo shop? Research different artists. Look at portfolios, and one that does work close to what you're looking for. And make sure you eat before you get tattooed.
How many bad tattoo decisions have you seen? We know everything is a personal choice but have you ever recommended to a client to think it over? What were some of the things you've seen, and what were your thoughts when you were inking it? I usually try to talk my clients out of getting something I know they'll regret. Otherwise they'll just end up paying more to cover it in the long run.
What are your thoughts on tattoos on the rib cage, just under the breast? Both. My best friend and I are considering getting them (we're both females) but she has a very low pain tolerance anc mine is quite high. How bad does it usually hurt? What do you suggest looks-wise? If you like the way it looks, great. It is pretty painful though.
What do you think of the phrase 'everlasting job-stopper' for tattoos on a person's face/neck/hands? That's their problem. I have tattoos on my hands, but it doesn't matter. I own my own business which happens to be a tattoo shop. Wouldn't suggest it for people working 9-5 jobs though.
How many "MoM" tattoos have you done? Quite a few actually.
Thanks for answering, good AMA! How did you make the move from being a tattoo artist to opening your own shop? Where did you get the money and was it risky to do? I saved for 2 years. It was a very risky move, but it ended up working out just fine.
I want a tattoo sometime in the future, but I hate pain. Are there any sorts of anaesthetics used or available in the tattooing process? There are, but the majority of the time, the skin has to be broken first for it to work. Artists usually use Bactine or Band-Aid.
How did you get into the business, and do you have any pointers for someone interested in pursuing a career as a tattoo artist? Get an apprenticeship from a real artist. That's the only way. You won't get anywhere if you try to learn on your own.
Well. Just finished watching Ink Masters marathon on Spike. Do you think those people in that contest deserve to be in there for their skill, or do you think it is more of a reality show? Some of them are great tattooers. Others.. not so much. You can tell a lot of it is staged.
I have looked into apprenticeships and I went to talk with my local shop about it. They seemed to want to charge me money to do it. Is this a common occurrence or does it vary from shop to shop or something? Also keep up the good work! You should never be charged for an apprenticeship. That's bullshit. Try a different shop.
Thanks for doing this AMA! I've gotten three tattoos so far and I love them. What's your take on aftercare for tattoos... is it better to wrap the new tattoo with plastic first or let it air out? I've never had mine wrapped in plastic and they heal just fine, but I have seen pretty strong opinions on either side of the fence. What do you think? I usually only suggest that you wrap it in plastic the first night to avoid getting ink on your sheets. Other than that, just keep it clean and use unscented lotion.
Ever tattooed nipples? No.
Have you ever tattooed any celebrities or musicians? If so, who and what did they get? No celebrities. I've tattooed musicians, but not famous ones. Some of the tattoos were lyrics, a guitar, music notes, microphones, etc.
Could you possibly sketch up an idea for me? No, sorry. I only draw for people that I tattoo.
I got this tattoo: Link to imgur.com when I was 18. I regret it a lot now, and wouldn't mind getting it covered up (by something generic like flowers or something)... do you think that it is possible to cover it up, or is the fact that it is pure black going to make it impossible? Talk to an artist close to you that would be doing it. My opinion doesn't matter if I'm not the one doing it.
How do you handle inking over birthmarks? my skin is white but on my lower back have dark splotches, would a tat cover it up without too much trouble? It depends. I usually don't go over birth marks that are too large.
I went about half way down and didn't see this question...What's the most interesting place on someone's body that you've ever put a tattoo? Inside the ear.
Is it true that all tattoo parlors also sell weed? No.
What a shame. Workaholics was wrong. Yes, they were. Still a great show though.
Forgive me if I'm late, but my girlfriends looking to get into the tattoo business when we're older. Just out of curiosity.. Is the pay nice, and what inspired you to be a tattoo artist? It's not about the money, it's about the art. I'm an artist first, tattoo artist second.
Love this answer. Would you say you make enough to support yourself financially though, or is a second job required? Yes, I do. I also sell artwork, so that brings in a little more cash.
My brother has down syndrome and is an artist of sorts... I have always wanted to get a tattoo and have him lay down some ink, he would get an absolute kick out of doing it. My question is, if I came into your shop with this kind of request would you allow it? No. Tattoo artists need to be licensed through the state they're working in. They also need a BBP certificate and extensive tattoo training.
I have been wanting the same tattoo for three years. I am just afraid of the pain and time commitment of getting it inked. But it's something I'm really passionate about and would love to have on my body. It'd be something like this under my left breast. What would you say is the best way to go about deciding if it's what I really want? I am so nervous. :[ That's all up to you. Think about it. When you're done thinking about it, think about it some more.
How about Tegaderm (google it; a kind of wound dressing) to cover fresh tattoos? Works great for road rash, stops it from scabbing at all. I've never heard of it. It may work, it may not. Every artist has a different method.
Do you mind when customers talk to you while you are working? I've never been sure what the appropriate amount of conversation. If i'm quiet i feel like I'm being rude but if i talk I feel like i'm ruining their concentration. No, I enjoy talking to my clients. It helps make the time pass for both of us.
Probably a stupid question, but could an experienced enough artist tattoo him/herself? Of course, as long as they can use both hands.
Coil or rotory? Both. I only use coils for lining though.
Do tattoo artists try and take advantage of customers who seem like they lack knowledge of how much a tattoo should cost? This is what I felt when I got my first tattoo, since I didnt seem like the typical person who would get inked or know about tattoos. I don't, but I can't speak for others.
I have a lot of scars on my arms from self injury. I wanted to get a tattoo on my inner forearm (where there are fewer scars.) I guess my question is, are scars hard to work with? I don't want to wind up with something fucked up because the canvas isn't exactly perfect. It depends on how severe they are.
My dad has a tattoo of an iguana, Is it hard to copy a tattoo off of another body? It depends on how detailed it is.
What's your income? It's different every week.
I'm sorry if you find this offensive in any way, but how many tattoos do you have? I've lost count.
Last updated: 2012-10-10 19:01 UTC Next update: 2012-10-10 20:01 UTC
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2012.01.25 05:51 videogameexpert Electoral Reform Act version 4.3.vge (Point out my flaws. Let's crowd-source this sucker with a vengeance)

I have copy and pasted the entire ERA here with my edits. I find the original ERA (version 4.3) to be highly controversial and almost impossible to promote to America as a whole. Now, that being said, I'm an expert on video games. Not politics. I absolutely need your help fleshing out these ideas. Point out where I'm slightly off. Point out where I'm dead wrong. Lets make this something that Occupy would be proud to show their GA and politicians!
I've used strikeout for removal and bold for additions.
Phase I [Implementation in Time for November 2012]
01 Process (unchanged)
The election process shall reflect the eleven International Election Integrity Principles of Transparency, Chain of Custody, Observer Access, Checks & Balances, Enforcement of Election Laws, Right to Paper Ballot and Open Source Software, Right to Polls and Protection of Poll Workers; Right to Photograph & Videotape; Right to Full Education, Right to Full Disclosure of Numeric Calculations & Assumptions, and Right to Review Raw Data Files at Point of Origin. For the purposes of this Act, hand-marked precinct-based Hand-Counted Paper Ballots (HCPB) shall be the national, state, and local standard until such time as a national referendum validates any alternative solution.
02 Ballot Access (unchanged. Key controversial word here is "candidate". I think we may have to define rigorously what it means.)
Ballot access requirements shall be the same for every candidate, irrespective of party affiliation. Equal access includes access to debates. This shall also apply to initiatives and referenda, and to primary elections. No state shall be eligible to receive federal funding in any amount or form absent its implementation of this provision in time for 2012 and thereafter.
03 Voting for People (removed voting methods that have no real purpose being discussed. The remaining voting methods wholly encompass those that are removed.) (voting on a Sunday will be highly controversial for religious Americans. Completely impossible. Also, voting date shouldn't matter if it's turned into a holiday.)
All national, state, and local elections must immediately begin, and by Election Day 2014 complete, the process of phasing out plurality voting and adopting a better voting system. An improved voting system should collect more information from voters using improved ballot design, and use that information to accomplish at least two of the following three goals: (1) to better satisfy more voters if all voters vote sincerely; (2) to satisfy more voters if all voters are strategic; (3) to encourage voter sincerity. Well-understood systems which satisfy two of those goals include Approval Voting, Condorcet voting, Instant Runoff Voting, and Range Voting. Newer systems which may satisfy all three goals include Majority Judgment, Simple Optionally-Delegated Approval (SODA) voting, and Proportional Representation (except closed-list forms). All ballot counting must be done using hand-marked precinct-based and Hand-Counted Paper Ballots (HCPB) Election Day must fall on a Sunday. Election Day will hereby become a federal holiday. During election years it will take the place of Columbus Day in the federal holiday calendar. All citizens should be free to take the entire day to contemplate and cast their vote without worrying about employment, childcare, or other issues. Every citizen 18 or older, regardless of condition or transient status, must be able to vote easily. Early Voting must be universal. Which voting system can be selected on a national basis via the National Initiative for Democracy.
04 Voting for Issues (I think referendum voting has it's place, but it does not need to be part of electoral reform. It would raise the barrier for general acceptance of our issues as it will require a constitutional amendment)
“Voters in all jurisdictions -the nation, states, counties, localities, school boards, water districts, etc.- shall all have the right to propose and vote on legislation, including amendments to constitutions, charters, etc., in parallel with representatives. Improvements over existing initiative processes should be included, such as the ones incorporated in the National Initiative for Democracy and now in use in Oregon.
05 Debate (As I don't agree with "06 Cabinet" I would strike the requirement for cabinet level debates)
Each state shall sponsor at least one presidential debate for a total of 50 debates, each state determining the questions, format, and participants. Each state shall sponsor at least one cabinet-level debate among designated individuals, e.g. the Attorney General, Secretary of Homeland Defense, etcetera. National debates shall be based on national polls that are open-ended with respect to who voters wish to see and hear participate in such debates. Candidates must participate in all debates to be eligible for free and equal access to public media.
06 Cabinet (I believe this requirement would cause an undue burden on potential candidates. While your main party candidates might be able to come up with a list easily, I believe this requirement would stifle 3rd party inclusion in the campaign.)
Presidential candidates must name prospective individuals to all Cabinet positions at least 90 days prior to Election Day, and those individuals must participate in such debates as the states might organize, and at least one national debate for each of the positions.
Phase II [Implementation in Time for November 2014]
07 Representation (unchanged)
Enact Open Registration. Enact Proportional Representation via the Voting process (03) with full integration of the Electoral Integrity Principles (01) and full use of national referendums (04).
08 Districts (We must be even more firm with redesigning districting. I suggest we must demand either true proportional representation or at the very least, shortest-splitline districting.)
Gerrymandering is outlawed. It will be replaced by any combination of compact computer drawn districts using open source software and/or citizen wisdom councils selected from jury duty pools, and/or at-large districts. All gerrymanders in progress in 2011 are stopped by this Act and replaced by tightly-drawn districts. In light of the 1:1 representation provided by national referendums, no increase in the number of Representatives is necessary. It will be replaced by any combination of proportional representation or the simplest form of shortest-splitline districting available. If computer software is used to create districts or determine proportional representation then that software must be completely open source. If representation must be determined by human minds then it must be solely devised by citizen wisdom councils drawn from jury duty pools. A cursory judiciary oversight would be allowed for these councils to uphold the written law. All redistricting currently in progress for 2011/2012 are stopped by this act and replaced by one of the two above methods as chosen by individual states.
09 Funding (I got this idea from Joel Spolsky via Alexis Ohanian on google+. Campaign financing can be drastically reduced if we rely heavily on the free(gratis) and free(libre) nature of the internet.) (added unions as beings unable to contribute to political campaigns)
Qualifying candidates will receive public funding in equal amounts. Political campaign committees are made illegal and lose their public charters. For the purposes of this Act corporations and unions are not people and may not contribute nor cause to be contributed, any campaign funds. Issue advocacy and advertising are not tax-deductible. Air time and media print space for all candidates is free and equal. All media outlets that wish to cover the political campaign and also allow user-generated content on the internet must allow unfettered access to all official candidates to the full range of their website's tools. Public funding will also cover geographically targeted advertisements on general use websites like Youtube for all candidates blindly and indiscriminately.
09a Internet Marketing for political campaigns (small idea to create an official reliance on the internet as a campaigning tool)
A website must be created that collates and condenses all links for political candidates marketing materials including but not limited to their official website, blog, public social media page, and internet video service used to talk to the people. All materials must be clearly defined by set categories for easy browsing by voters. Links must be created, categorized, and published within 24 hours of any request by an official candidate.
10 Legislation (I'm not sure what kind of laws congress makes behind closed doors. I might be getting this edit wrong.)
All proposed legislation that does not jeopardize national security must be published on line, normally one month prior to vote but no less than 24-72 hours for emergencies, to include explicit geospatial pointers for all “earmarks” each of which must be publicly announced
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